The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is located on the northern coast of Alaska, due east of both Prudhoe Bay and the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPRA). The coastal plain (the 1002 Area) covers 1.5 million acres and is about 8% of the total area of ANWR.

USGS 1002 Area Map

In its latest (1998) resource assessment, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimated that the total technically recoverable crude oil resource for federal lands, state waters and native lands in the coastal plain has a 95% chance of being more tha...

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