April 24, 2018 - 7:30 AM EDT
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Caterpillar Reports First-Quarter 2018 Results

Delivered Higher Sales and Revenues and Record First-Quarter Profit Per Share; Raised Full-Year Outlook

DEERFIELD, Ill., April 24, 2018 /PRNewswire/ --



First Quarter






($ in billions except profit per share)


2018


2017






Sales and Revenues


$12.9


$9.8











Profit Per Share


$2.74


$0.32











Adjusted Profit Per Share


$2.82


$1.28






 

  • First-quarter sales and revenues up 31 percent
  • Significant increase in profit per share; adjusted profit per share more than doubled
  • Raised full-year profit per share outlook
  • Repurchased $500 million of common stock

Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE: CAT) today announced first-quarter 2018 sales and revenues of $12.9 billion, compared with $9.8 billion in the first quarter of 2017. First-quarter 2018 profit of $2.74 per share was a first-quarter record. Profit was $0.32 per share in the first quarter of 2017. Adjusted profit per share in the first quarter of 2018 was $2.82, compared with first-quarter 2017 adjusted profit per share of $1.28.

Caterpillar's financial position remains strong. During the first quarter of 2018, Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) operating cash flow was $948 million and the company repurchased $500 million of Caterpillar common stock. The company ended the first quarter of 2018 with an enterprise cash balance of $7.9 billion.

"I'd like to thank our global Caterpillar team for outstanding results. The combination of strength in many of our end markets and our team's continued focus on operational excellence - including strong cost control - helped us deliver improved margins and a record first-quarter profit," said Caterpillar CEO Jim Umpleby.

2018 Outlook

In January, Caterpillar provided a 2018 profit outlook range of $7.75 to $8.75 per share. The company is increasing its 2018 profit outlook by $2.00 per share to a range of $9.75 to $10.75 per share, primarily due to growing demand for products and services. The outlook includes about $400 million of restructuring costs, unchanged from the previous outlook. The revised outlook range for adjusted profit is $10.25 to $11.25 per share.

"Based on our strong first-quarter results and higher demand across all regions and most end markets, we are raising our outlook for 2018. We will continue to make targeted investments in expanded offerings and services, consistent with our strategy for long-term profitable growth," said Umpleby.

Following is a summary of sales assumptions for 2018 as compared to 2017:

Construction Industries – The company expects broad-based growth in all regions in 2018, with the biggest drivers being continued strength for construction activity in North America and infrastructure development in China. EAME is expected to continue to grow amid high business confidence and stability in oil-producing countries. The recovery that has started in Latin America is expected to continue.

Resource Industries – The company believes global economic conditions and favorable commodity price levels will drive miners to increase capital expenditures in 2018 for both equipment replacement cycles and expansions. In addition, higher machine utilization levels should support aftermarket parts growth. Strong global demand for commodities is also expected to be a positive for heavy construction and quarry and aggregate customers.

Energy & Transportation – Sales into Oil and Gas applications are expected to increase in 2018, led by continued strong demand for reciprocating engines for well servicing and gas compression applications in North America. The current turbines backlog remains healthy in support of the midstream Oil and Gas business. Rail traffic in North America has increased, with reductions in the number of idled locomotives and railcars. As a result, the company expects an increase in Transportation sales primarily from growth in rail services. After a multi-year downturn, the company expects Power Generation sales to increase as global economic conditions improve. Sales of engines into Industrial applications are expected to be up in 2018 primarily due to projected demand in EAME.

Following are key elements of the revised 2018 profit outlook:

  • Better than expected sales volume is the primary driver of the raised profit outlook, with higher volume expected across the three primary segments when compared with the prior outlook.
  • Improved price realization is expected to be partially offset by material cost increases primarily driven by higher commodity prices.
  • Despite the anticipated increase in volume, the company expects period costs, excluding short-term incentive compensation expense, to be in line with the prior outlook.
  • Short-term incentive compensation expense is now expected to be about $1.4 billion, nearly the same as 2017.
  • The outlook assumes continued global economic growth. Any potential impacts from future geopolitical risks and increased trade restrictions have not been included in the outlook.
  • The outlook does not include a mark-to-market gain or loss for remeasurement of pension and other postemployment benefit (OPEB) plans or changes to provisional estimates recorded in 2017 for U.S. tax reform.

Notes:

  • Glossary of terms is included on pages 15-16; first occurrence of terms shown in bold italics.
  • Information on non-GAAP financial measures is included on page 17.
  • Caterpillar will conduct a teleconference and live webcast, with a slide presentation, beginning at 10 a.m. Central Time on Tuesday, April 24, 2018, to discuss its 2018 first-quarter financial results. The accompanying slides will be available before the webcast on the Caterpillar website at http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/events-and-presentations.

About Caterpillar:
For more than 90 years, Caterpillar Inc. has been making sustainable progress possible and driving positive change on every continent. Customers turn to Caterpillar to help them develop infrastructure, energy and natural resource assets. With 2017 sales and revenues of $45.462 billion, Caterpillar is the world's leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. The company principally operates through its three primary segments - Construction Industries, Resource Industries and Energy & Transportation - and also provides financing and related services through its Financial Products segment. For more information, visit caterpillar.com. To connect with us on social media, visit caterpillar.com/social-media.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this press release relate to future events and expectations and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "believe," "estimate," "will be," "will," "would," "expect," "anticipate," "plan," "project," "intend," "could," "should" or other similar words or expressions often identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our outlook, projections, forecasts or trend descriptions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements.

Caterpillar's actual results may differ materially from those described or implied in our forward-looking statements based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to: (i) global and regional economic conditions and economic conditions in the industries we serve; (ii) commodity price changes, material price increases, fluctuations in demand for our products or significant shortages of material; (iii) government monetary or fiscal policies; (iv) political and economic risks, commercial instability and events beyond our control in the countries in which we operate; (v) our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet our customers' needs; (vi) the impact of the highly competitive environment in which we operate on our sales and pricing; (vii) information technology security threats and computer crime; (viii) additional restructuring costs or a failure to realize anticipated savings or benefits from past or future cost reduction actions; (ix) failure to realize all of the anticipated benefits from initiatives to increase our productivity, efficiency and cash flow and to reduce costs; (x) inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers and our OEM customers; (xi) a failure to realize, or a delay in realizing, all of the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures; (xii) union disputes or other employee relations issues; (xiii) adverse effects of unexpected events including natural disasters; (xiv) disruptions or volatility in global financial markets limiting our sources of liquidity or the liquidity of our customers, dealers and suppliers; (xv) failure to maintain our credit ratings and potential resulting increases to our cost of borrowing and adverse effects on our cost of funds, liquidity, competitive position and access to capital markets; (xvi) our Financial Products segment's risks associated with the financial services industry; (xvii) changes in interest rates or market liquidity conditions; (xviii) an increase in delinquencies, repossessions or net losses of Cat Financial's customers; (xix) currency fluctuations; (xx) our or Cat Financial's compliance with financial and other restrictive covenants in debt agreements; (xxi) increased pension plan funding obligations; (xxii) alleged or actual violations of trade or anti-corruption laws and regulations; (xxiii) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position; (xxiv) additional tax expense or exposure, including the impact of U.S. tax reform; (xxv) significant legal proceedings, claims, lawsuits or government investigations; (xxvi) new regulations or changes in financial services regulations; (xxvii) compliance with environmental laws and regulations; and (xxviii) other factors described in more detail in Caterpillar's Forms 10-Q, 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Consolidated Sales and Revenues

Consolidated Sales and Revenues Comparison
First Quarter 2018 vs. First Quarter 2017

To access this chart, go to http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html for the downloadable version of Caterpillar 1Q 2018 earnings.  

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in Consolidated Sales and Revenues between the first quarter of 2017 (at left) and the first quarter of 2018 (at right). Items favorably impacting sales and revenues appear as upward stair steps with the corresponding dollar amounts above each bar, while items negatively impacting sales and revenues appear as downward stair steps with dollar amounts reflected in parentheses above each bar. Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company's board of directors and employees.

Sales and Revenues

Total sales and revenues were $12.859 billion in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of $3.037 billion, or 31 percent, compared with $9.822 billion in the first quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher sales volume driven by improved end-user demand across all regions and most end markets as well as favorable changes in dealer inventories. The impact of changes in dealer inventories was favorable as there was a more significant increase in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017. The company believes the increase in dealer inventories is reflective of current end-user demand.

Strong end-user demand and favorable changes in dealer inventories drove higher sales volume across the three primary segments with the largest increase in Construction Industries. Sales were also higher due to currency impacts, primarily from a stronger euro and Chinese yuan. Favorable price realization across the three primary segments also contributed to the sales improvement.

The largest sales increase was in North America, which improved 33 percent as strong economic conditions in key end markets drove higher end-user demand. Also contributing to the increase was the impact of a more significant increase in dealer inventories in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017.

Asia/Pacific sales increased 44 percent mostly due to higher end-user demand, primarily for construction equipment in China, the impact of favorable changes in dealer inventories and a stronger Chinese yuan. The impact of changes in dealer inventories was favorable as dealer inventories increased slightly in the first quarter of 2018, compared to a decrease in the first quarter of 2017.

EAME sales increased 25 percent primarily due to the impact of a stronger euro, the impact of favorable changes in dealer inventories and higher end-user demand as economic conditions have improved. The impact of changes in dealer inventories was favorable as increases were greater in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017.

Sales increased 24 percent in Latin America primarily due to stabilizing economic conditions in several countries in the region that resulted in improved demand from low levels.

Consolidated Operating Profit

Consolidated Operating Profit Comparison
First Quarter 2018 vs. First Quarter 2017

To access this chart, go to http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html for the downloadable version of Caterpillar 1Q 2018 earnings.  

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in Consolidated Operating Profit between the first quarter of 2017 (at left) and the first quarter of 2018 (at right). Items favorably impacting operating profit appear as upward stair steps with the corresponding dollar amounts above each bar, while items negatively impacting operating profit appear as downward stair steps with dollar amounts reflected in parentheses above each bar. Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company's board of directors and employees. The bar entitled Other includes consolidating adjustments and Machinery, Energy & Transportation other operating (income) expenses.

Operating profit for the first quarter of 2018 was $2.108 billion, compared to $380 million in the first quarter of 2017. The increase of $1.728 billion was mostly due to higher sales volume and lower restructuring costs. Favorable price realization was largely offset by higher selling, general and administrative (SG&A) and research and development (R&D) expenses and lower operating profit from Financial Products.

Manufacturing costs were about flat as lower warranty expense and the favorable impact from cost absorption were about offset by higher material costs, freight costs and short-term incentive compensation expense. Cost absorption was favorable as inventory increased more in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017, as production volumes continue to increase in 2018. Material costs were unfavorable primarily due to increases in steel prices. SG&A/R&D expenses were unfavorable mostly due to higher short-term incentive compensation expense and targeted investments that primarily impacted SG&A.

Restructuring costs were $69 million in the first quarter of 2018. In the first quarter of 2017, restructuring costs of $723 million were primarily related to the announced closure of the facility in Gosselies, Belgium.

Other Profit/Loss Items

  • Interest expense excluding Financial Products in the first quarter of 2018 was $101 million, a decrease of $22 million from the first quarter of 2017, primarily due to an early debt retirement in the fourth quarter of 2017.
  • Other income/expense in the first quarter of 2018 was income of $127 million, compared with income of $32 million in the first quarter of 2017. The favorable change was primarily due to pension and OPEB plans, including the absence of restructuring costs and higher expected return on plan assets (see Q&A #7 for additional information). Also contributing to the favorable change were lower net losses from currency translation and hedging in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017.
  • The provision for income taxes in the first quarter of 2018 reflects an estimated annual tax rate of 24 percent, compared to 32 percent for the first quarter of 2017, excluding the discrete items discussed in the following paragraph. The decrease is primarily due to the reduction in the U.S. corporate tax rate beginning January 1, 2018, along with other changes in the geographic mix of profits from a tax perspective.

In addition, a discrete tax benefit of $40 million was recorded in the first quarter of 2018, compared to $17 million in the first quarter of 2017, for the settlement of stock-based compensation awards with associated tax deductions in excess of cumulative U.S. GAAP compensation expense. The provision for income taxes in the first quarter of 2017 also included a $15 million increase to prior year taxes related to non-U.S. restructuring costs. 

Global Workforce

Caterpillar worldwide full-time employment was about 99,700 at the end of the first quarter of 2018. The increase of about 4,400 full-time employees from the end of the first quarter of 2017 was due to an increase in production employment primarily to support higher volumes. Support and management employment was about flat. The flexible workforce increased by about 6,500, also primarily due to higher production volumes. In total, the global workforce increased by about 10,900.



March 31



2018


2017


Increase

Full-time employment


99,700


95,300


4,400

Flexible workforce


19,100


12,600


6,500

Total


118,800


107,900


10,900








Geographic Summary







U.S. workforce


51,500


46,500


5,000

Non-U.S. workforce


67,300


61,400


5,900

Total


118,800


107,900


10,900

SEGMENT RESULTS
































Sales and Revenues by Geographic Region



North
America


Latin
America


EAME


Asia/Pacific


External Sales
and Revenues


Inter-Segment


Total Sales
and Revenues












(Millions of dollars)

$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg



First Quarter 2018






























Construction Industries

$2,620


37%


$344


38%


$1,067


31%


$1,628


46%


$5,659


38%


$18


100%


$5,677


38%



Resource Industries

798


33%


360


34%


520


25%


530


37%


2,208


32%


101


11%


2,309


31%



Energy & Transportation

2,225


29%


280


2%


1,092


21%


679


48%


4,276


27%


943


21%


5,219


26%



All Other Segments

15


88%


-


-


4


(75%)


18


38%


37


-


79


(17%)


116


(12%)



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(28)




1




(3)




-




(30)




(1,141)




(1,171)





Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$5,630


33%


$985


24%


$2,680


25%


$2,855


44%


$12,150


33%


-


-


$12,150


33%

































Financial Products Segment

$512


5%


$74


(11%)


$101


1%


$106


16%


$793


4%


-


-


$793


4%



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(49)




(13)




(5)




(17)




(84)




-




(84)





Financial Products Revenues

$463


3%


$61


(12%)


$96


-


$89


13%


$709


2%


-


-


$709


2%

































Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$6,093


31%


$1,046


21%


$2,776


24%


$2,944


43%


$12,859


31%


-


-


$12,859


31%

































First Quarter 2017






























Construction Industries

$1,913




$250




$812




$1,116




$4,091




$9




$4,100





Resource Industries

598




269




416




387




1,670




91




1,761





Energy & Transportation

1,722




275




900




459




3,356




780




4,136





All Other Segments

8




-




16




13




37




95




132





Corporate Items and Eliminations

(23)




-




(2)




1




(24)




(975)




(999)





Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$4,218




$794




$2,142




$1,976




$9,130




-




$9,130



































Financial Products Segment

$486




$83




$100




$91




$760




-




$760





Corporate Items and Eliminations

(38)




(14)




(4)




(12)




(68)




-




(68)





Financial Products Revenues

$448




$69




$96




$79




$692




-




$692



































Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$4,666




$863




$2,238




$2,055




$9,822




-




$9,822


































 


















Sales and Revenues by Segment















First
Quarter 2017


Sales Volume


Price Realization


Currency


Inter-Segment / Other


First
Quarter 2018


$
Change


%
Change











(Millions of dollars)









Construction Industries

$4,100


$1,340


$59


$169


$9


$5,677


$1,577


38%


Resource Industries

1,761


424


86


28


10


2,309


548


31%


Energy & Transportation

4,136


769


41


110


163


5,219


1,083


26%


All Other Segments

132


(1)


-


1


(16)


116


(16)


(12%)


Corporate Items and Eliminations

(999)


(6)


-


-


(166)


(1,171)


(172)





















Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$9,130


$2,526


$186


$308


-


$12,150


$3,020


33%



















Financial Products Segment

760


-


-


-


33


793


33


4%


Corporate Items and Eliminations

(68)


-


-


-


(16)


(84)


(16)




Financial Products Revenues

$692


-


-


-


$17


$709


$17


2%



















Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$9,822


$2,526


$186


$308


$17


$12,859


$3,037


31%



















 










Profit by Segment

First
Quarter 2018


First
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change







(Millions of dollars)





Construction Industries

$1,117


$634


$483


76%


Resource Industries

378


160


218


136%


Energy & Transportation

874


545


329


60%


All Other Segments

57


(14)


71


n/a


Corporate Items and Eliminations

(371)


(1,060)


689




Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$2,055


$265


$1,790


675%











Financial Products Segment

$141


$183


($42)


(23%)


Corporate Items and Eliminations

(2)


3


(5)




Financial Products

$139


$186


($47)


(25%)


Consolidating Adjustments

(86)


(71)


(15)













Consolidated Operating Profit

$2,108


$380


$1,728


455%




















 

CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES



















































(Millions of dollars)










First
Quarter 2018







Segment Sales

















First

Quarter 2017


Sales Volume


Price Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment



$
Change


%
 Change





















Total Sales

$4,100


$1,340


$59


$169


$9


$5,677


$1,577


38%





















Sales by Geographic Region



































First
Quarter 2018


First

Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change










North America

$2,620


$1,913


$707


37%











Latin America

344


250


94


38%











EAME

1,067


812


255


31%











Asia/Pacific

1,628


1,116


512


46%











External Sales

$5,659


$4,091


$1,568


38%











Inter-Segment

18


9


9


100%











Total Sales

$5,677


$4,100


$1,577


38%





























Segment Profit


















First
Quarter 2018


First

Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change










Segment Profit

$1,117


$634


$483


76%











Segment Profit Margin

19.7%


15.5%


 4.2 pts


27%




























`





































Construction Industries' total sales were $5.677 billion in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $4.100 billion in the first quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher sales volume.

  • Sales volume increased primarily due to the impact of favorable changes in dealer inventories and higher end-user demand for construction equipment. Dealer inventories increased significantly more in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017. The company believes the increase in dealer inventories is reflective of current end-user demand.

Sales increased across all regions with the largest increases in North America and Asia/Pacific.

  • In North America, the sales increase was mostly due to the impact of favorable changes in dealer inventories, which increased significantly more in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017. In addition, sales increased due to higher end-user demand for construction equipment, primarily due to non-residential, infrastructure and oil and gas construction activities, including pipelines.
  • Sales in Asia/Pacific were higher across the region, with about half due to improved end-user demand in China stemming from increased building construction and infrastructure investment. In addition, the impact of changes in dealer inventories was favorable as dealer inventories decreased more in the first quarter of 2017 than in the first quarter of 2018. The favorable impact of a stronger Chinese yuan also contributed to the increase.
  • Sales increased in EAME primarily due to the impact of favorable changes in dealer inventories, the impact from a stronger euro and higher end-user demand for construction equipment. Dealer inventories increased more in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017.
  • Although construction activity remained weak in Latin America, sales were higher as end-user demand increased from low levels due to stabilizing economic conditions in several countries in the region.

Construction Industries' profit was $1.117 billion in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $634 million in the first quarter of 2017. The increase in profit was a result of higher sales volume and favorable price realization. The increase was partially offset by higher SG&A/R&D expenses, material costs, primarily for steel, and freight costs. The increase in SG&A/R&D expenses was primarily due to higher short-term incentive compensation expense and targeted investments.



















RESOURCE INDUSTRIES




















































(Millions of dollars)










First
Quarter 2018







Segment Sales

















First
Quarter 2017


Sales Volume


Price Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment



$
Change


%
 Change





















Total Sales

$1,761


$424


$86


$28


$10


$2,309


$548


31%





















Sales by Geographic Region



































First
Quarter 2018


First

Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change










North America

$798


$598


$200


33%











Latin America

360


269


91


34%











EAME

520


416


104


25%











Asia/Pacific

530


387


143


37%











External Sales

$2,208


$1,670


$538


32%











Inter-Segment

101


91


10


11%











Total Sales

$2,309


$1,761


$548


31%





























Segment Profit


















First
Quarter 2018


First
Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change










Segment Profit

$378


$160


$218


136%











Segment Profit Margin

16.4%


9.1%


 7.3 pts


80%




























`



















Resource Industries' total sales were $2.309 billion in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of $548 million from the first quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher end-user demand for equipment in all regions. Compared to the first quarter of 2017, commodity prices remained strong and drove improved market conditions and financial health of mining companies. As a result, mining customers invested in delayed replacement cycles and initiated expansions, resulting in higher equipment sales in the first quarter of 2018. Macroeconomic growth globally also contributed to stronger sales for quarry and aggregate and heavy construction equipment. In addition, favorable price realization and the favorable impact of changes in dealer inventories contributed to increased sales. Dealer inventories increased more in the first quarter of 2018 than in the first quarter of 2017. Aftermarket parts sales have also experienced growth related to increased production and higher machine utilization in the industries the company serves.

Resource Industries' profit was $378 million in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $160 million in the first quarter of 2017. The improvement was primarily due to higher sales volume. Favorable price realization and variable manufacturing costs, including cost absorption, were partially offset by higher short-term incentive compensation expense and a slightly unfavorable impact from currency. Cost absorption was favorable as inventory increased in the first quarter of 2018 to support higher production and was about flat in the first quarter of 2017.




















ENERGY & TRANSPORTATION






















































(Millions of dollars)










First

Quarter 2018








Segment Sales


















First
Quarter 2017


Sales Volume


Price Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment



$
Change


%
 Change























Total Sales

$4,136


$769


$41


$110


$163


$5,219


$1,083


26%























Sales by Application






































First

Quarter 2018


First
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change











Oil and Gas

$1,215


$809


$406


50%












Power Generation

969


716


253


35%












Industrial

906


777


129


17%












Transportation

1,186


1,054


132


13%












External Sales

$4,276


$3,356


$920


27%












Inter-Segment

943


780


163


21%












Total Sales

$5,219


$4,136


$1,083


26%































Segment Profit



















First
Quarter 2018


First

Quarter 2017



Change


%
Change











Segment Profit

$874


$545


$329


60%












Segment Profit Margin

16.7%


13.2%


 3.5 pts


27%































Energy & Transportation's total sales were $5.219 billion in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $4.136 billion in the first quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher external sales volume across all applications.

  • Oil and Gas – Sales increased primarily due to higher demand in North America for gas compression, production and well servicing applications. Higher energy prices and growth in U.S. onshore oil and gas drove increased sales for reciprocating engines and related aftermarket parts. Sales in North America were also positively impacted by the timing of turbine project deliveries.
  • Power Generation – Sales improved across all regions, with the largest increase in EAME primarily due to the timing of several large projects and favorable impacts from currency. In addition, sales in North America increased due to higher sales for turbines and aftermarket parts for reciprocating engines.
  • Industrial – Sales were higher across all regions except Latin America, primarily due to improving global economic conditions supporting higher engine sales into industrial end-user applications. Sales in EAME were also positively impacted by favorable currency.
  • Transportation – Sales were higher in Asia/Pacific and North America for rail services, driven primarily by growth in Australia and increased rail traffic in North America. Marine sales were higher primarily in Asia/Pacific due to timing of deliveries.

Energy & Transportation's profit was $874 million in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $545 million in the first quarter of 2017. The increase was mostly due to higher sales volume and favorable price realization, partially offset by higher short-term incentive compensation expense and targeted investments.



















FINANCIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT



















































(Millions of dollars)

















Revenues by Geographic Region


































First

Quarter 2018


First
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change










North America

$512


$486


$26


5%











Latin America

74


83


(9)


(11%)











EAME

101


100


1


1%











Asia/Pacific

106


91


15


16%











Total

$793


$760


$33


4%





























Segment Profit


















First

Quarter 2018


First
Quarter 2017


$
Change


%
Change










Segment Profit

$141


$183


($42)


(23%)





























Financial Products' segment revenues were $793 million in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of $33 million, or 4 percent, from the first quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher average earning assets in Asia/Pacific and higher average financing rates in North America, partially offset by an unfavorable impact from lower intercompany lending activity in North America.

Financial Products' segment profit was $141 million in the first quarter of 2018, compared with $183 million in the first quarter of 2017. The decrease was primarily due to an increase in the provision for credit losses at Cat Financial, partially offset by an increase in net yield on average earning assets.

At the end of the first quarter of 2018, past dues at Cat Financial were 3.17 percent, compared with 2.64 percent at the end of the first quarter of 2017, primarily due to increases in the Caterpillar Power Finance and Latin America portfolios. Write-offs, net of recoveries, in the first quarter of 2018 were $30 million, compared with $15 million in the first quarter of 2017. The largest contributors to the increase were the Latin America and Caterpillar Power Finance portfolios.

As of March 31, 2018, Cat Financial's allowance for credit losses totaled $403 million, or 1.45 percent of finance receivables, compared with $346 million, or 1.28 percent of finance receivables at March 31, 2017. The allowance for credit losses at year-end 2017 was $365 million, or 1.33 percent of finance receivables. The increase in the allowance for credit losses was primarily driven by the Caterpillar Power Finance and mining portfolios.

Corporate Items and Eliminations

Expense for corporate items and eliminations was $373 million in the first quarter of 2018, a decrease of $684 million from the first quarter of 2017. Corporate items and eliminations include: restructuring costs; corporate-level expenses; timing differences, as some expenses are reported in segment profit on a cash basis; currency differences for ME&T, as segment profit is reported using annual fixed exchange rates; cost of sales methodology differences, as segments use a current cost methodology; and inter-segment eliminations.

The decrease in expense was primarily due to lower restructuring costs, which were $69 million in the first quarter of 2018. In the first quarter of 2017, restructuring costs of $723 million were primarily related to the announced closure of the facility in Gosselies, Belgium.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q1:

Can you discuss changes in dealer inventories during the first quarter of 2018?



A:

Dealers generally increase inventories during the first quarter in preparation for the spring selling season. Dealer machine and engine inventories increased about $1.2 billion in the first quarter of 2018, compared to an increase of about $200 million in the first quarter of 2017. The increase in the first quarter of 2018 was primarily in Construction Industries. We believe the increase in dealer inventories is reflective of current end-user demand.



Q2: 

Can you discuss changes to your order backlog by segment?



A: 

At the end of the first quarter of 2018, the order backlog was about $17.5 billion, an increase of about $1.7 billion from the end of 2017. The increase was in Energy & Transportation and Construction Industries, while Resource Industries was about flat.



Q3: 

Can you comment on expense related to your 2018 short-term incentive compensation plans and the impact on the 2018 outlook?



A: 

Short-term incentive compensation expense is directly related to financial and operational performance, measured against targets set annually. First-quarter 2018 expense was about $360 million, compared to first-quarter 2017 expense of about $235 million.


For the full year of 2018, our current outlook includes short-term incentive compensation expense of about $1.4 billion, nearly the same as 2017.



Q4: 

In January, you commented that significant increases in demand could impact your growth potential in 2018 due to supplier constraints. Can you provide an update?



A: 

We continue to work with our global suppliers to respond to significant increases in demand. Although constraints remain for some parts and components, we are seeing improvements in material flows.



Q5: 

Can you give us an update on the quality of Cat Financial's asset portfolio? How are write-offs, past dues and allowance for credit losses performing?



A: 

Cat Financial's core asset portfolio continues to perform well overall. Write-offs during the first quarter of 2018 were $30 million, or 0.45 percent of average retail portfolio, which is about the same level as our 10-year average of 0.44 percent for the first quarter. This total compares with write-offs of $15 million during the first quarter of 2017, which was an unusually low quarterly write-off period based on Cat Financial's historical performance. The increase from a year ago was driven by higher write-offs in the Latin America and Cat Power Finance portfolios. Past dues increased during the first quarter to 3.17 percent, which is slightly above the first-quarter historical average of 3.09 percent, and was impacted by higher delinquencies in Cat Power Finance and Latin America. The provision for credit losses was higher in the first quarter of 2018 by $51 million, primarily due to higher provision expense in Cat Power Finance and on a small number of transactions in our mining portfolio. In addition, higher write-offs compared with a low quarter for write-offs in the first quarter of 2017 were also a contributor. 



Q6: 

Can you comment on your balance sheet and cash priorities?



A: 

Our cash and liquidity positions remain strong with an enterprise cash balance of $7.9 billion as of March 31, 2018. ME&T operating cash flow for the first quarter of 2018 was $948 million, compared with $1.5 billion in 2017. The decrease was primarily due to higher short-term incentive compensation payments in the first quarter of 2018, compared with the first quarter of 2017. We repurchased $500 million of common stock in the first quarter of 2018.




While our short-term priorities for the use of cash may vary from time to time as business needs and conditions dictate, our long-term cash deployment strategy is focused on the following priorities: Our top priority is to maintain a strong financial position in support of a Mid-A rating. Next, we intend to fund operational requirements and commitments. Then, we intend to fund priorities that profitably grow the company and return capital to shareholders through dividend growth and stock repurchases.



Q7: 

Your 2017 operating costs and other income/expense changed from what you reported last year. Can you explain the change?



A: 

Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted a new U.S. GAAP accounting standard related to pension and OPEB costs. Components of pension and OPEB costs, other than service costs, have been reclassified from operating costs to other income/expense. The change was made to prior periods and the table below provides the recast 2017 amounts by quarter. This change had a small impact on 2017 profit for the segments within ME&T, which has also been recast to be consistent with the revised classification. There was no impact on Financial Products.



 













2017 Recast 











(Millions of dollars)

First
Quarter


Second
Quarter 


Third
Quarter 


Fourth
Quarter


Full Year
2017


Cost of goods sold

$6,801


$7,816


$7,678


$8,966


$31,261


Selling, general and administrative expenses

940


1,169


1,084


1,218


4,411


Research and development expenses

425


458


461


498


1,842


Other operating (income) expenses

699


111


51


195


1,056


   ME&T operating costs

$8,865


$9,554


$9,274


$10,877


$38,570













   Financial Products operating costs 

591


607


645


648


2,491













   Consolidating adjustments

(14)


(14)


(15)


(16)


(59)













Consolidated operating costs

$9,442


$10,147


$9,904


$11,509


$41,002


Consolidated operating profit 

380


1,184


1,509


1,387


4,460













Consoliated other income (expense)

$32


$96


$132


($107)


$153
























Reclassification to other income (expense) *

$37


$67


$68


($226)


($54)













* First-quarter 2017 includes $29 million of curtailment losses and termination benefits included in restructuring costs and fourth-quarter 2017 includes $301 million of mark-to-market losses.


GLOSSARY OF TERMS

1.

Adjusted Profit Per Share – Profit per share excluding restructuring costs for 2018 and 2017.

2.

All Other Segments – Primarily includes activities such as: business strategy, product management and development, manufacturing of filters and fluids, undercarriage, ground engaging tools, fluid transfer products, precision seals, rubber sealing and connecting components primarily for Cat® products; parts distribution; integrated logistics solutions, distribution services responsible for dealer development and administration including a wholly owned dealer in Japan, dealer portfolio management and ensuring the most efficient and effective distribution of machines, engines and parts; digital investments for new customer and dealer solutions that integrate data analytics with state-of-the-art digital technologies while transforming the buying experience.

3.

Consolidating Adjustments – Elimination of transactions between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

4.

Construction Industries – A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using machinery in infrastructure, forestry and building construction applications. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support. The product portfolio includes asphalt pavers, backhoe loaders, compactors, cold planers, compact track and multi-terrain loaders, mini, small, medium and large track excavators, forestry excavators, feller bunchers, harvesters, knuckleboom loaders, motor graders, pipelayers, road reclaimers, site prep tractors, skidders, skid steer loaders, telehandlers, small and medium track-type tractors, track-type loaders, wheel excavators, compact, small and medium wheel loaders and related parts and work tools.

5.

Currency – With respect to sales and revenues, currency represents the translation impact on sales resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar. With respect to operating profit, currency represents the net translation impact on sales and operating costs resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar. Currency only includes the impact on sales and operating profit for the Machinery, Energy & Transportation lines of business excluding restructuring costs; currency impacts on Financial Products' revenues and operating profit are included in the Financial Products' portions of the respective analyses. With respect to other income/expense, currency represents the effects of forward and option contracts entered into by the company to reduce the risk of fluctuations in exchange rates (hedging) and the net effect of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on our foreign currency assets and liabilities for consolidated results (translation).

6.

EAME – A geographic region including Europe, Africa, the Middle East and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

7.

Earning Assets – Assets consisting primarily of total finance receivables net of unearned income, plus equipment on operating leases, less accumulated depreciation at Cat Financial.

8.

Energy & Transportation – A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using reciprocating engines, turbines, diesel-electric locomotives and related parts across industries serving Oil and Gas, Power Generation, Industrial and Transportation applications, including marine and rail-related businesses. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support of turbine machinery and integrated systems and solutions and turbine-related services, reciprocating engine-powered generator sets, integrated systems used in the electric power generation industry, reciprocating engines and integrated systems and solutions for the marine and oil and gas industries; reciprocating engines supplied to the industrial industry as well as Cat machinery; the remanufacturing of Cat engines and components and remanufacturing services for other companies; the business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, remanufacturing, leasing and service of diesel-electric locomotives and components and other rail-related products and services and product support of on-highway vocational trucks for North America.

9.

Financial Products Segment – Provides financing alternatives to customers and dealers around the world for Caterpillar products, as well as financing for vehicles, power generation facilities and marine vessels that, in most cases, incorporate Caterpillar products. Financing plans include operating and finance leases, installment sale contracts, working capital loans and wholesale financing plans. The segment also provides insurance and risk management products and services that help customers and dealers manage their business risk. Insurance and risk management products offered include physical damage insurance, inventory protection plans, extended service coverage for machines and engines, and dealer property and casualty insurance. The various forms of financing, insurance and risk management products offered to customers and dealers help support the purchase and lease of our equipment. Financial Products segment profit is determined on a pretax basis and includes other income/expense items.

10.

Latin America – A geographic region including Central and South American countries and Mexico.

11.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) – Represents the aggregate total of Construction Industries, Resource Industries, Energy & Transportation, All Other Segments and related corporate items and eliminations.

12.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation Other Operating (Income) Expenses – Comprised primarily of gains/losses on disposal of long-lived assets, gains/losses on divestitures and legal settlements and accruals. Restructuring costs classified as other operating expenses on the Results of Operations are presented separately on the Operating Profit Comparison.

13.

Manufacturing Costs – Manufacturing costs exclude the impacts of currency and restructuring costs (see definition below) and represent the volume-adjusted change for variable costs and the absolute dollar change for period manufacturing costs. Variable manufacturing costs are defined as having a direct relationship with the volume of production. This includes material costs, direct labor and other costs that vary directly with production volume such as freight, power to operate machines and supplies that are consumed in the manufacturing process. Period manufacturing costs support production but are defined as generally not having a direct relationship to short-term changes in volume. Examples include machinery and equipment repair, depreciation on manufacturing assets, facility support, procurement, factory scheduling, manufacturing planning and operations management.

14.

Pension and Other Postemployment Benefit (OPEB) – The company's defined-benefit pension and postretirement benefit plans.

15.

Price Realization – The impact of net price changes excluding currency and new product introductions. Price realization includes geographic mix of sales, which is the impact of changes in the relative weighting of sales prices between geographic regions.

16.

Resource Industries – A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using machinery in mining, quarry and aggregates, waste and material handling applications. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support. The product portfolio includes large track-type tractors, large mining trucks, hard rock vehicles, longwall miners, electric rope shovels, draglines, hydraulic shovels, rotary drills, large wheel loaders, off-highway trucks, articulated trucks, wheel tractor scrapers, wheel dozers, landfill compactors, soil compactors, hard rock continuous mining systems, select work tools, machinery components, electronics and control systems and related parts. In addition to equipment, Resource Industries also develops and sells technology products and services to provide customers fleet management, equipment management analytics and autonomous machine capabilities. Resource Industries also manages areas that provide services to other parts of the company, including integrated manufacturing and research and development.

17.

Restructuring Costs – Primarily costs for employee separation, long-lived asset impairments and contract terminations. These costs are included in Other operating (income) expenses except for defined-benefit plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits, which are included in Other income (expense). Restructuring costs also include other exit-related costs primarily for accelerated depreciation, inventory write-downs, equipment relocation and project management costs and LIFO inventory decrement benefits from inventory liquidations at closed facilities, primarily included in Cost of goods sold.

18.

Sales Volume – With respect to sales and revenues, sales volume represents the impact of changes in the quantities sold for Machinery, Energy & Transportation as well as the incremental sales impact of new product introductions, including emissions-related product updates. With respect to operating profit, sales volume represents the impact of changes in the quantities sold for Machinery, Energy & Transportation combined with product mix as well as the net operating profit impact of new product introductions, including emissions-related product updates. Product mix represents the net operating profit impact of changes in the relative weighting of Machinery, Energy & Transportation sales with respect to total sales. The impact of sales volume on segment profit includes inter-segment sales.



NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

The following definitions are provided for the non-GAAP financial measures used in this report. These non-GAAP financial measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures for other companies. Management does not intend these items to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related GAAP measures.

Adjusted Profit Per Share

The company incurred restructuring costs in 2017 and in the first quarter of 2018 and expects to incur additional restructuring costs during the remainder of 2018. The company believes it is important to separately quantify the profit per share impact of restructuring costs in order for Caterpillar's results and outlook to be meaningful to readers as these costs are incurred in the current year to generate longer-term benefits.

Reconciliations of adjusted profit per share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted profit per share, are as follows:



























First Quarter


2018 Outlook





2017


2018


Previous 1


Current 2



Profit per share                       

$0.32


$2.74


$7.75-$8.75


$9.75-$10.75



Per share restructuring costs3

$0.96


$0.08


$0.50


$0.50



Adjusted profit per share         

$1.28


$2.82


$8.25-$9.25


$10.25-$11.25

























1 2018 profit per share outlook range as of January 25, 2018.



2 2018 profit per share outlook range as of April 24, 2018.



3 At estimated annual tax rate based on full-year outlook for per share restructuring costs at statutory tax rates. 2018 at estimated annual tax rate of 24 percent.



  First-quarter 2017 at estimated annual tax rate of 22 percent plus a $15 million increase to prior year taxes related to non-U.S. restructuring costs.



  First-quarter 2017 also includes a favorable interim adjustment of $0.06 per share resulting from the difference in the estimated annual tax rate for consolidated reporting of 32 percent and the estimated annual tax rate for profit per share excluding restructuring costs and discrete items of 28 percent.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation

Caterpillar defines Machinery, Energy & Transportation as it is presented in the supplemental data as Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis. Machinery, Energy & Transportation information relates to the design, manufacture and marketing of Caterpillar products. Financial Products' information relates to the financing to customers and dealers for the purchase and lease of Caterpillar and other equipment. The nature of these businesses is different, especially with regard to the financial position and cash flow items. Caterpillar management utilizes this presentation internally to highlight these differences. The company also believes this presentation will assist readers in understanding Caterpillar's business. Pages 18- 24 reconcile Machinery, Energy & Transportation with Financial Products on the equity basis to Caterpillar Inc. consolidated financial information.

Caterpillar's latest financial results and outlook are also available via:

Telephone:

800-228-7717 (Inside the United States and Canada)


858-764-9492 (Outside the United States and Canada)





Internet:



http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors.html


http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html (live broadcast/replays of quarterly conference call)

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions except per share data)




Three Months Ended



March 31,



2018


2017

Sales and revenues:











Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

12,150




$

9,130




Revenues of Financial Products


709





692




Total sales and revenues


12,859





9,822














Operating costs:











Cost of goods sold


8,566





6,801




Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,276





1,061




Research and development expenses


443





425




Interest expense of Financial Products


166





159




Other operating (income) expenses


300





996




Total operating costs


10,751





9,442














Operating profit


2,108





380















Interest expense excluding Financial Products


101





123




Other income (expense)


127





32














Consolidated profit before taxes


2,134





289















Provision (benefit) for income taxes


472





90




Profit of consolidated companies


1,662





199















Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


5





(5)













Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


1,667





194













Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


2





2













Profit 1

$

1,665




$

192
























Profit per common share

$

2.78




$

0.33














Profit per common share – diluted 2

$

2.74




$

0.32














Weighted-average common shares outstanding (millions)











- Basic


598.0





587.5




- Diluted2


608.0





593.2













Cash dividends declared per common share

$




$


























1

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

2

Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method. 

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)



March 31,


December 31,


2018


2017

Assets











Current assets:












Cash and short-term investments

$

7,888




$

8,261





Receivables - trade and other


7,894





7,436





Receivables - finance


8,772





8,757





Prepaid expenses and other current assets


1,856





1,772





Inventories


10,947





10,018




Total current assets


37,357





36,244















Property, plant and equipment – net


13,912





14,155




Long-term receivables - trade and other


1,004





990




Long-term receivables - finance


13,359





13,542




Noncurrent deferred and refundable income taxes


1,687





1,693




Intangible assets


2,163





2,111




Goodwill


6,376





6,200




Other assets


2,156





2,027



Total assets

$

78,014




$

76,962













Liabilities











Current liabilities:












Short-term borrowings:













-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

7




$

1






-- Financial Products


5,726





4,836





Accounts payable


6,938





6,487





Accrued expenses


3,551





3,220





Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


1,474





2,559





Customer advances


1,399





1,426





Dividends payable






466





Other current liabilities


1,890





1,742





Long-term debt due within one year:













-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation


8





6






-- Financial Products


6,409





6,188




Total current liabilities


27,402





26,931

















Long-term debt due after one year:













-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation


7,980





7,929






-- Financial Products


15,185





15,918




Liability for postemployment benefits


8,233





8,365




Other liabilities


3,942





4,053



Total liabilities


62,742





63,196













Shareholders' equity











Common stock


5,640





5,593




Treasury stock


(17,347)





(17,005)




Profit employed in the business


27,929





26,301




Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)


(1,016)





(1,192)




Noncontrolling interests


66





69



Total shareholders' equity


15,272





13,766



Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

78,014




$

76,962



 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)



Three Months Ended


March 31,


2018


2017

Cash flow from operating activities:











Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies

$

1,667




$

194




Adjustments for non-cash items:












Depreciation and amortization


681





710





Other


148





302




Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:












Receivables – trade and other


(326)





(353)





Inventories


(803)





(444)





Accounts payable


486





732





Accrued expenses


66





132





Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


(1,110)





360





Customer advances


(46)





234





Other assets – net


165





(261)





Other liabilities – net


7





(64)



Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities


935





1,542



Cash flow from investing activities:











Capital expenditures – excluding equipment leased to others


(412)





(204)




Expenditures for equipment leased to others


(345)





(305)




Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment


258





234




Additions to finance receivables


(2,621)





(2,122)




Collections of finance receivables


2,671





2,272




Proceeds from sale of finance receivables


69





17




Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)


(340)





(18)




Proceeds from sale of business and investments (net of cash sold)


12








Proceeds from sale of securities


89





89




Investments in securities


(197)





(65)




Other – net


16





9



Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities


(800)





(93)



Cash flow from financing activities:











Dividends paid


(467)





(452)




Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued


149





(19)




Treasury shares purchased


(500)








Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months)


1,541





2,715




Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months)


(2,409)





(1,978)




Short-term borrowings – net (original maturities three months or less)


1,151





618




Other – net


(3)





(6)



Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities


(538)





878



Effect of exchange rate changes on cash


10





9



Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments and restricted cash


(393)





2,336



Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at beginning of period


8,320





7,199



Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at end of period

$

7,927




$

9,535




All short-term investments, which consist primarily of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, are considered to be cash equivalents.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Results of Operations

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)










Supplemental Consolidating Data





Machinery,







Consolidated


 Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial
Products


Consolidating
Adjustments


Sales and revenues:






















Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

12,150




$

12,150




$




$





Revenues of Financial Products


709









811





(102)


2



Total sales and revenues


12,859





12,150





811





(102)


























Operating costs:






















Cost of goods sold


8,566





8,566













Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,276





1,087





189









Research and development expenses


443





443













Interest expense of Financial Products


166









173





(7)


4



Other operating (income) expenses


300





(1)





310





(9)


3



Total operating costs


10,751





10,095





672





(16)


























Operating profit


2,108





2,055





139





(86)



























Interest expense excluding Financial Products


101





112









(11)


4



Other income (expense)


127





54





(2)





75


5
























Consolidated profit before taxes


2,134





1,997





137































Provision (benefit) for income taxes


472





441





31









Profit of consolidated companies


1,662





1,556





106































Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


5





5













Equity in profit of Financial Products' subsidiaries






102









(102)


6























Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


1,667





1,663





106





(102)

























Less:  Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


2





(2)





4





























Profit 7

$

1,665




$

1,665




$

102




$

(102)






1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.

2

Elimination of Financial Products' revenues earned from Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

3

Elimination of net expenses recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation paid to Financial Products.

4

Elimination of interest expense recorded between Financial Products and Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

5

Elimination of discount recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

6

Elimination of Financial Products' profit due to equity method of accounting.

7

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Results of Operations

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation 1


Financial

Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Sales and revenues:





















Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

9,130




$

9,130




$




$




Revenues of Financial Products


692









777





(85)


2


Total sales and revenues


9,822





9,130





777





(85)
























Operating costs:





















Cost of goods sold


6,801





6,801












Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,061





940





126





(5)


3


Research and development expenses


425





425












Interest expense of Financial Products


159









163





(4)


4


Other operating (income) expenses


996





699





302





(5)


3


Total operating costs


9,442





8,865





591





(14)
























Operating profit


380





265





186





(71)

























Interest expense excluding Financial Products


123





144









(21)


4


Other income (expense)


32





(16)





(2)





50


5






















Consolidated profit before taxes


289





105





184





























Provision (benefit) for income taxes


90





34





56








Profit of consolidated companies


199





71





128





























Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


(5)





(5)












Equity in profit of Financial Products' subsidiaries






126









(126)


6





















Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


194





192





128





(126)























Less:  Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests


2









2



























Profit 7

$

192




$

192




$

126




$

(126)




1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.

2

Elimination of Financial Products' revenues earned from Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

3

Elimination of net expenses recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation paid to Financial Products.

4

Elimination of interest expense recorded between Financial Products and Machinery, Energy & Transportation.

5

Elimination of discount recorded by Machinery, Energy & Transportation on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

6

Elimination of Financial Products' profit due to equity method of accounting.

7

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Cash Flow

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

(Unaudited)

 (Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation
1


Financial

Products


Consolidating
Adjustments

Cash flow from operating activities:





















Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies

$

1,667




$

1,663




$

106




$

(102)


2


Adjustments for non-cash items:






















Depreciation and amortization


681





468





213









Undistributed profit of Financial Products






(102)









102


3



Other


148





62





(6)





92


4


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:






















Receivables - trade and other


(326)





90









(416)


4,5



Inventories


(803)





(803)













Accounts payable


486





505





(19)









Accrued expenses


66





43





23









Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


(1,110)





(1,083)





(27)









Customer advances


(46)





(46)













Other assets - net


165





173





28





(36)


4



Other liabilities - net


7





(22)





(7)





36


4

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities


935





948





311





(324)



Cash flow from investing activities:





















Capital expenditures - excluding equipment leased to others


(412)





(321)





(92)





1


4


Expenditures for equipment leased to others


(345)





(2)





(346)





3


4


Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment


258





54





207





(3)


4


Additions to finance receivables


(2,621)









(2,955)





334


5


Collections of finance receivables


2,671









3,171





(500)


5


Net intercompany purchased receivables










(489)





489


5


Proceeds from sale of finance receivables


69









69








Net intercompany borrowings






107









(107)


6


Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)


(340)





(340)












Proceeds from sale of businesses and investments (net of cash sold)


12





12












Proceeds from sale of securities


89





5





84








Investments in securities


(197)





(18)





(179)








Other – net


16





19





(3)







Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities


(800)





(484)





(533)





217



Cash flow from financing activities:





















Dividends paid


(467)





(467)












Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued


149





149












Treasury shares purchased


(500)





(500)












Net intercompany borrowings










(107)





107


6


Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months)


1,541









1,541








Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months)


(2,409)





(1)





(2,408)








Short-term borrowings - net (original maturities three months or less)


1,151





6





1,145








Other – net


(3)





(3)











Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities


(538)





(816)





171





107



Effect of exchange rate changes on cash


10





6





4







Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments and restricted cash


(393)





(346)





(47)







Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at beginning of period


8,320





7,416





904







Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at end of period

$

7,927




$

7,070




$

857




$






1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.


2

Elimination of Financial Products' profit after tax due to equity method of accounting.


3

Elimination of non-cash adjustment for the undistributed earnings from Financial Products.


4

Elimination of non-cash adjustments and changes in assets and liabilities related to consolidated reporting.


5

Reclassification of Financial Products' cash flow activity from investing to operating for receivables that arose from the sale of inventory.


6

Elimination of net proceeds and payments to/from Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

























 

Caterpillar Inc.

Supplemental Data for Cash Flow

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017

(Unaudited)

 (Millions of dollars)





Supplemental Consolidating Data




Machinery,






Consolidated


Energy &
Transportation
1


Financial
Products


Consolidating

Adjustments

Cash flow from operating activities:





















Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies

$

194




$

192




$

128




$

(126)


2


Adjustments for non-cash items:






















Depreciation and amortization


710





491





219









Undistributed profit of Financial Products






(126)









126


3



Other


302





302





(47)





47


4


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:






















Receivables - trade and other


(353)





(8)





52





(397)


4,5



Inventories


(444)





(444)













Accounts payable


732





734





6





(8)


4



Accrued expenses


132





130





2









Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits


360





364





(4)









Customer advances


234





234













Other assets – net


(261)





(196)





(25)





(40)


4



Other liabilities – net


(64)





(149)





45





40


4

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities


1,542





1,524





376





(358)



Cash flow from investing activities:





















Capital expenditures - excluding equipment leased to others


(204)





(203)





(1)








Expenditures for equipment leased to others


(305)





(6)





(302)





3


4


Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment


234





41





194





(1)


4


Additions to finance receivables


(2,122)









(2,535)





413


5


Collections of finance receivables


2,272









2,788





(516)


5


Net intercompany purchased receivables










(459)





459


5


Proceeds from sale of finance receivables


17









17








Net intercompany borrowings






50





(1,500)





1,450


6


Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)


(18)





(18)












Proceeds from sale of securities


89





6





83








Investments in securities


(65)





(2)





(63)








Other – net


9





(1)





10







Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities


(93)





(133)





(1,768)





1,808



Cash flow from financing activities:





















Dividends paid


(452)





(452)












Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued


(19)





(19)












Net intercompany borrowings






1,500





(50)





(1,450)


6


Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months)


2,715





360





2,355








Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months)


(1,978)





(4)





(1,974)








Short-term borrowings - net (original maturities three months or less)


618





226





392








Other – net


(6)





(6)











Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities


878





1,605





723





(1,450)



Effect of exchange rate changes on cash


9





3





6







Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments and restricted cash


2,336





2,999





(663)







Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at beginning of period


7,199





5,259





1,940







Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at end of period

$

9,535




$

8,258




$

1,277




$






1

Represents Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis.


2

Elimination of Financial Products' profit after tax due to equity method of accounting.


3

Elimination of non-cash adjustment for the undistributed earnings from Financial Products.


4

Elimination of non-cash adjustments and changes in assets and liabilities related to consolidated reporting.


5

Reclassification of Financial Products' cash flow activity from investing to operating for receivables that arose from the sale of inventory.


6

Elimination of net proceeds and payments to/from Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

























 

Cision View original content with multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/caterpillar-reports-first-quarter-2018-results-300635262.html

SOURCE Caterpillar Inc.


Source: PR Newswire (April 24, 2018 - 7:30 AM EDT)

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