A quick background
In 1960, the Secretary of the Interior signed an order protecting the northernmost parts of Alaska at the federal level. The order protected 8.9 million acres and named it the Arctic National Wildlife Range. In 1980, President Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) into law, renaming and enlarging the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to over 19 million acres, with eight million of the 19 million ANWR acres designated as Federal Wilderness.

USGS 1002 Area Map

The non-wilderness ...

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