August 1, 2019 - 2:00 AM EDT
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ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC - 2nd Quarter 2019 and Half Year Unaudited Results

ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC

2ND QUARTER 2019 AND HALF YEAR UNAUDITED RESULTS

SUMMARY OF UNAUDITED RESULTS
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 %2 Reference 20191 2018 %
2,998 6,001 6,024 -50 Income/(loss) attributable to shareholders 8,999 11,923 -25
3,025 5,293 5,226 -42 CCS earnings attributable to shareholders Note 2 8,318 10,929 -24
(437) (8) 535 Of which: Identified items A (445) 837
3,462 5,301 4,691 -26 CCS earnings attributable to shareholders excluding identified items 8,763 10,092 -13
130 131 121 Add: CCS earnings attributable to non-controlling interest 260 242
3,592 5,432 4,812 -25 CCS earnings excluding identified items 9,024 10,334 -13
Of which:
1,726 2,569 2,305 Integrated Gas 4,294 4,744
1,335 1,725 1,457 Upstream 3,060 3,008
1,338 1,822 1,660 Downstream 3,160 3,426
(806) (684) (610) Corporate (1,490) (844)
11,031 8,630 9,500 +16 Cash flow from operating activities 19,661 18,972 +4
(4,166) (4,622) 29 Cash flow from investing activities (8,788) (4,265)
6,865 4,008 9,529 Free cash flow H 10,873 14,707
0.37 0.74 0.72 -49 Basic earnings per share ($) 1.11 1.44 -23
0.37 0.65 0.63 -41 Basic CCS earnings per share ($) B 1.02 1.32 -23
0.43 0.65 0.56 -23 Basic CCS earnings per share excl. identified items ($) 1.08 1.21 -11
0.47 0.47 0.47 - Dividend per share ($) 0.94 0.94 -
1. IFRS 16 Leases (IFRS 16) was adopted with effect from January 1, 2019. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.
2. Q2 on Q2 change.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, CCS earnings attributable to shareholders excluding identified items were $3.5 billion, reflecting lower realised oil, gas and LNG prices, weaker realised chemicals and refining margins as well as higher provisions, partly offset by improved production. Earnings also included a negative impact of $63 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Cash flow from operating activities for the second quarter 2019 was $11.0 billion and included positive working capital movements of $0.6 billion. Compared with the second quarter 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements mainly reflected lower earnings, partly offset by reduced cash margining outflows on commodity derivatives. This also included a positive impact of $1.0 billion related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Total dividends distributed to shareholders in the quarter were $3.8 billion. Today, Shell launches the next tranche of the share buyback programme, with a maximum aggregate consideration of $2.75 billion in the period up to and including October 28, 2019. In aggregate, since the launch of the share buyback programme, almost 294 million A ordinary shares have been bought back for cancellation for a consideration of $9.25 billion.

Royal Dutch Shell Chief Executive Officer Ben van Beurden commented: “We have delivered good cash flow performance, despite earnings volatility, in a quarter that has seen challenging macroeconomic conditions in refining and chemicals as well as lower gas prices. This quarter we achieved some key milestones, such as the start-up of Appomattox and the first LNG cargo from Prelude. These add to our competitive portfolio, which is expected to generate additional cash in the coming quarters.

The resilience of our Upstream and customer-facing businesses and their ability to generate cash support the delivery of our 2020 outlook, which remains unchanged.

ADDITIONAL PERFORMANCE MEASURES
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 %1 Reference 2019 2018 %
5,337 5,601 5,518 Cash capital expenditure2 C 10,938 10,746
6,341 6,685 5,750 Capital investment3 C 13,026 11,282
3,583 3,752 3,442 +4 Total production available for sale (thousand boe/d) 3,667 3,639 +1
61.26 57.42 66.24 -8 Global liquids realised price ($/b) 59.26 63.49 -7
4.21 5.37 4.86 -13 Global natural gas realised price ($/thousand scf) 4.83 4.91 -2
9,941 8,917 10,006 -1 Operating expenses G 18,859 19,725 -4
9,477 8,865 9,844 -4 Underlying operating expenses G 18,343 19,630 -7
8.4% 9.2% 8.1% ROACE (Net income basis) E 8.4% 8.1%
8.2% 8.4% 7.6% ROACE (CCS basis excluding identified items)4 E 8.2% 7.6%
27.6% 26.5% 23.6% Gearing F 27.6% 23.6%
1. Q2 on Q2 change.
2. With effect from 2019, Cash capital expenditure has been introduced as a capital spent performance measure (see Reference C).
3. With effect from 2019, the definition has been amended (see Reference C). Comparative information has been revised.
4. With effect from 2019, the definition has been amended (see Reference E). Comparative information has been revised.

Supplementary financial and operational disclosure for this quarter is available at www.shell.com/investor.

As a result of the implementation of IFRS 16, net debt increased by $16,103 million. Second quarter 2019 reported Gearing was 27.6% on an IFRS 16 basis, comparable with 23.0% on an IAS 17 basis. Gearing included an additional negative impact of 0.4%, arising from IFRS 11 accounting interpretations (see Note 1).

SECOND QUARTER 2019 PORTFOLIO DEVELOPMENTS

Integrated Gas

During the quarter, Shell, along with its joint venture partners, announced that the first shipment of LNG sailed from Shell’s Prelude Floating Liquefied Natural Gas facility (Shell interest 67.5%).

Upstream

Shell announced, during the quarter, the start-up of Appomattox ahead of schedule. Appomattox (Shell interest 79%) is the first commercial discovery brought into production in the deep-water US Gulf of Mexico Norphlet formation and has an expected peak production of 175 thousand boe/d.

During the quarter, the Libra Consortium (Shell interest 20%) announced the final investment decision to contract the Mero 2 floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel to be deployed at the Mero field offshore Santos Basin in Brazil. The FPSO has the capacity to process up to 180 thousand boe/d.

In July, Shell completed the divestment of its 22.5% non-operating interest in the Caesar Tonga asset in the US Gulf of Mexico to Equinor for $965 million.

Downstream

During the quarter, Shell announced the sale of Shell’s Martinez refinery in the US to PBF Energy, Inc., for up to $1.0 billion consideration plus the value of hydrocarbon inventory, crude oil supply and product offtake agreements, capex and other adjustments. The transaction is subject to closing conditions and regulatory approvals and is expected to close in 2019.

PERFORMANCE BY SEGMENT

INTEGRATED GAS
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 %2 20191 2018 %
1,340 2,795 3,358 -60 Segment earnings 4,134 5,749 -28
(386) 226 1,053 Of which: Identified items (Reference A) (160) 1,005
1,726 2,569 2,305 -25 Earnings excluding identified items 4,294 4,744 -9
3,403 4,227 2,950 +15 Cash flow from operating activities 7,630 5,511 +38
738 1,344 745 Cash capital expenditure (Reference C)3 2,081 1,870
836 1,964 781 Capital investment (Reference C)4 2,800 2,044
159 137 223 -29 Liquids production available for sale (thousand b/d) 148 217 -32
4,456 4,143 4,243 +5 Natural gas production available for sale (million scf/d) 4,300 4,324 -1
927 851 954 -3 Total production available for sale (thousand boe/d) 889 963 -8
8.66 8.74 8.46 +2 LNG liquefaction volumes (million tonnes) 17.39 17.36 -
17.95 17.51 17.97 - LNG sales volumes (million tonnes) 35.46 36.55 -3
1. IFRS 16 was adopted with effect from January 1, 2019. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.
2. Q2 on Q2 change.
3. With effect from 2019, Cash capital expenditure has been introduced as a capital spent performance measure (see Reference C).
4. With effect from 2019, the definition has been amended (see Reference C). Comparative information has been revised.

Second quarter identified items primarily reflected impairments and write-offs totalling $479 million, mainly in Trinidad and Tobago and Australia, as well as a loss of $112 million related to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. Identified items also comprised a gain of $193 million on sale of assets.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, Integrated Gas earnings excluding identified items reflected lower realised oil, gas and LNG prices, decreased production, the impacts following the Heads of Agreement with the government of Trinidad and Tobago as well as tax provisions. Earnings also included a positive impact of $39 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Total production was 3% lower compared with the second quarter 2018, mainly due to divestments and the transfer of the Salym asset into the Upstream segment, partly offset by production from field ramp-ups in Australia and Trinidad and Tobago. LNG liquefaction volumes increased by 2% compared with the second quarter 2018, benefiting from higher feedgas availability, partly offset by divestments.

Cash flow from operating activities of $3,403 million included positive working capital movements of $579 million. Compared with the second quarter 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements mainly reflected lower earnings, partly offset by reduced cash margining outflows on commodity derivatives and lower tax payments. This also included a positive impact of $323 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Half year identified items included impairments and write-offs totalling $479 million, mainly in Trinidad and Tobago and Australia, as well as a gain of $122 million related to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. Identified items also comprised a gain of $188 million on sale of assets.

Compared with the first half 2018, Integrated Gas earnings excluding identified items were impacted by lower realised oil prices, decreased production and the impacts following the Heads of Agreement with the government of Trinidad and Tobago, partly offset by increased contributions from LNG portfolio optimisation. Earnings also included a positive impact of $98 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.  

Compared with the first half 2018, total production was impacted by divestments and the transfer of the Salym asset into the Upstream segment, partly offset by production from field ramp-ups in Australia and Trinidad and Tobago. LNG liquefaction volumes were at a similar level as in the first half 2018 with the additional volumes from higher feedgas availability being offset by divestments.

Cash flow from operating activities of $7,630 million included positive working capital movements of $1,090 million. Compared with the first half 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements increased slightly. This also included a positive impact of $554 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

UPSTREAM
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 %2 20191 2018 %
1,554 1,706 1,094 +42 Segment earnings 3,260 2,948 +11
219 (19) (363) Of which: Identified items (Reference A) 200 (60)
1,335 1,725 1,457 -8 Earnings excluding identified items 3,060 3,008 +2
5,616 5,280 5,528 +2 Cash flow from operating activities 10,895 9,129 +19
2,342 2,501 2,877 Cash capital expenditure (Reference C)3 4,843 5,623
2,700 2,737 3,020 Capital investment (Reference C)4 5,437 5,881
1,683 1,718 1,507 +12 Liquids production available for sale (thousand b/d) 1,700 1,540 +10
5,640 6,864 5,687 -1 Natural gas production available for sale (million scf/d) 6,249 6,591 -5
2,656 2,901 2,488 +7 Total production available for sale (thousand boe/d) 2,778 2,676 +4
1. IFRS 16 was adopted with effect from January 1, 2019. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.
2. Q2 on Q2 change.
3. With effect from 2019, Cash capital expenditure has been introduced as a capital spent performance measure (see Reference C).
4. With effect from 2019, the definition has been amended (see Reference C). Comparative information has been revised.

Second quarter identified items primarily reflected a gain of $98 million associated with sale of assets and a gain of $79 million due to a tax rate change. Identified items also included a gain of $52 million related to the impact of the strengthening Brazilian real on a deferred tax position.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, Upstream earnings excluding identified items reflected lower realised oil and gas prices, higher depreciation from field ramp-ups as well as increased receivables provisions, partly offset by higher volumes and lower taxation arising from currency exchange rate effects. Earnings also included a positive impact of $47 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, total production increased by 7%, mainly due to field ramp-ups in North America and the transfer of the Salym asset from the Integrated Gas segment, partly offset by field decline and divestments.

Cash flow from operating activities of $5,616 million included positive working capital movements of $238 million. Compared with the second quarter 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements mainly benefited from lower tax payments. This also included a positive impact of $212 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Half year identified items primarily reflected a gain of $151 million associated with sale of assets and a gain of $79 million related to a tax rate change. Identified items also comprised a loss of $45 million related to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives.

Compared with the first half 2018, Upstream earnings excluding identified items reflected lower realised oil prices and higher depreciation from field ramp-ups, partly offset by higher volumes. Earnings also included a positive impact of $90 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Compared with the first half 2018, total production increased by 4%, mainly due to field ramp-ups in North America and the transfer of the Salym asset from the Integrated Gas segment, partly offset by field decline and divestments.

Cash flow from operating activities of $10,895 million included positive working capital movements of $127 million. Compared with the first half 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements mainly benefited from higher volumes and lower tax payments. This also included a positive impact of $400 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

DOWNSTREAM
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 %2 20191 2018 %
1,072 1,595 1,168 -8 Segment earnings3       2,666 2,974 -10
(266) (227) (492) Of which: Identified items (Reference A) (493) (452)
1,338 1,822 1,660 -19 Earnings excluding identified items3 3,160 3,426 -8
Of which:
1,206 1,371 1,102 +9 Oil Products 2,577 2,183 +18
(20) 343 114 -117 Refining & Trading 323 255 +27
1,225 1,029 988 +24 Marketing 2,254 1,928 +17
132 451 558 -76 Chemicals 582 1,243 -53
2,398 (611) 990 +142 Cash flow from operating activities 1,787 4,097 -56
2,176 1,671 1,856 Cash capital expenditure (Reference C)4 3,848 3,173
2,731 1,870 1,908 Capital investment (Reference C)5 4,602 3,277
2,632 2,666 2,557 +3 Refinery processing intake (thousand b/d) 2,649 2,597 +2
6,608 6,467 6,745 -2 Oil Products sales volumes (thousand b/d) 6,538 6,765 -3
3,787 4,137 4,875 -22 Chemicals sales volumes (thousand tonnes) 7,924 9,389 -16
1. IFRS 16 was adopted with effect from January 1, 2019. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.
2. Q2 on Q2 change.
3. Earnings are presented on a CCS basis (See Note 2).
4. With effect from 2019, Cash capital expenditure has been introduced as a capital spent performance measure (see Reference C).
5. With effect from 2019, the definition has been amended (see Reference C). Comparative information has been revised.

Second quarter identified items primarily reflected a charge of $237 million related to legal provisions in Chemicals as well as impairments, net of reversals, of $140 million associated with divestments, partly offset by a gain of $113 million related to the fair value accounting of commodity derivatives.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, Downstream earnings excluding identified items reflected lower realised base chemicals, intermediates and refining margins, partly offset by higher realised retail and global commercial margins. Earnings also included a positive impact of $46 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Cash flow from operating activities of $2,398 million included negative working capital movements of $64 million. Compared with the second quarter 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements mainly reflected lower earnings and higher cash cost of sales. This also included a positive impact of $510 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Oil Products

  • Refining & Trading earnings excluding identified items included a positive impact of $19 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings reflected lower realised refining margins, mainly in the US Gulf Coast and Europe, partly offset by favourable currency exchange rate effects compared with the second quarter 2018.

Refinery availability increased to 89% from 87% in the second quarter 2018, mainly due to lower planned maintenance activities.

  • Marketing earnings excluding identified items included a positive impact of $21 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings reflected increased realised retail and global commercial margins compared with the second quarter 2018.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, Oil Products sales volumes decreased by 2%, mainly due to lower trading volumes.

Chemicals

  • Chemicals earnings excluding identified items included a positive impact of $6 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings reflected lower realised base chemicals and intermediates margins in Asia and Europe as well as lower volumes.

Chemicals manufacturing plant availability decreased to 85% from 93% in the second quarter 2018, mainly reflecting higher maintenance activities in Asia and Europe, including the impact of strike actions in the Netherlands.

Half year identified items primarily reflected a charge of $237 million related to legal provisions in Chemicals as well as impairments, net of reversals, of $204 million, mainly related to divestments.

Compared with the first half 2018, Downstream earnings excluding identified items reflected lower realised base chemicals, intermediates and refining margins, partly offset by higher realised retail and global commercial margins. Earnings also included a positive impact of $84 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Cash flow from operating activities of $1,787 million included negative working capital movements of $3,666 million. Compared with the first half 2018, cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements mainly reflected lower earnings and higher cash cost of sales. This also included a positive impact of $904 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16.

Oil Products

  • Refining & Trading earnings excluding identified items included a positive impact of $33 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings reflected increased contributions from crude oil and oil products trading, partly offset by lower realised refining margins, compared with the first half  2018.

Refinery availability was 90%, at a similar level as in the first half 2018.

  • Marketing earnings excluding identified items included a positive impact of $38 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings reflected increased realised retail and global commercial margins compared with the first half 2018.

Compared with the first half 2018, Oil Products sales volumes decreased by 3%, mainly reflecting lower trading volumes.

Chemicals

  • Chemicals earnings excluding identified items included a positive impact of $13 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings reflected lower realised base chemicals and intermediates margins.

Chemicals manufacturing plant availability decreased to 90% from 94% in the first half 2018, mainly reflecting higher maintenance activities in Asia and Europe, including the impact of strike actions in the Netherlands.

CORPORATE
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 20191 2018
(789) (671) (273) Segment earnings (1,460) (500)
18 13 337 Of which: Identified items (Reference A) 31 344
(806) (684) (610) Earnings excluding identified items (1,490) (844)
(385) (266) 32 Cash flow from operating activities (652) 235
1. IFRS 16 was adopted with effect from January 1, 2019. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.

Second quarter identified items mainly reflected a gain of $53 million on sale of assets, partly offset by a tax charge of $36 million related to the impact of the strengthening Brazilian real on a financing position.

Compared with the second quarter 2018, Corporate earnings excluding identified items included a negative impact of $195 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings mainly reflected higher interest expenses, partly offset by favourable currency exchange rate effects.

Half year identified items mainly reflected a gain of $53 million on sale of assets, partly offset by a tax charge of $26 million related to the impact of the strengthening Brazilian real on a financing position.

Compared with the first half 2018, Corporate earnings excluding identified items included a negative impact of $378 million related to the implementation of IFRS 16. Excluding this impact, earnings mainly reflected lower tax credits and higher interest expenses, partly offset by favourable currency exchange rate effects.

OUTLOOK FOR THE THIRD QUARTER 2019

Integrated Gas production is expected to be at a similar level as in the third quarter 2018. LNG liquefaction volumes are expected to increase slightly compared with the third quarter 2018, mainly due to project ramp-ups.

Compared with the third quarter 2018, Upstream production is expected to be higher by some 50 – 100 thousand boe/d, mainly due to field ramp-ups and the transfer of the Salym asset from the Integrated Gas segment, partly offset by field decline and divestments.

Refinery availability is expected to be at a similar level as in the third quarter 2018.

Oil Products sales volumes are expected to decrease by some 40 – 70 thousand boe/d compared with the same period a year ago, mainly as a result of the divestment in Argentina.

Chemicals manufacturing plant availability is expected to be at a similar level as in the third quarter 2018.

Corporate earnings excluding identified items are expected to be a net charge of $700 – 850 million in the third quarter 2019 and a net charge of $2,900 – 3,200 million for the full year 2019. This excludes the impact of currency exchange rate effects.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 20191 2018
90,544 83,735 96,765 Revenue2 174,278 186,000
632 1,484 716 Share of profit of joint ventures and associates 2,116 1,755
662 443 1,787 Interest and other income 1,105 2,627
91,838 85,662 99,268 Total revenue and other income 177,499 190,382
68,590 59,923 73,121 Purchases 128,513 139,649
6,835 6,354 6,988 Production and manufacturing expenses 13,189 13,911
2,881 2,352 2,781 Selling, distribution and administrative expenses 5,233 5,369
225 212 237 Research and development 437 445
439 306 243 Exploration 745 473
6,699 5,950 5,359 Depreciation, depletion and amortisation 12,649 10,693
1,252 1,159 929 Interest expense 2,411 1,865
86,920 76,256 89,658 Total expenditure 163,176 172,405
4,917 9,406 9,610 Income/(loss) before taxation 14,323 17,977
1,755 3,248 3,422 Taxation charge/(credit) 5,003 5,758
3,162 6,157 6,188 Income/(loss) for the period2 9,319 12,219
164 156 164 Income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interest 320 296
2,998 6,001 6,024 Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders 8,999 11,923
0.37 0.74 0.72 Basic earnings per share ($)3 1.11 1.44
0.37 0.73 0.72 Diluted earnings per share ($)3 1.10 1.42
1. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.
2. See Note 2 “Segment information”.
3. See Note 3 “Earnings per share”.

   

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2018
3,162 6,157 6,188 Income/(loss) for the period 9,319 12,219
Other comprehensive income/(loss) net of tax:
Items that may be reclassified to income in later periods:
215 176 (2,782) - Currency translation differences 391 (2,318)
18 11 (2) - Debt instruments remeasurements 29 (14)
101 (446) (632) - Cash flow hedging gains/(losses) (345) (700)
79 26 (98) - Deferred cost of hedging 105 (191)
(1) (55) (57) - Share of other comprehensive income/(loss) of joint ventures and associates (56) (35)
413 (288) (3,571) Total 125 (3,258)
Items that are not reclassified to income in later periods:
(1,172) (1,474) 1,265 - Retirement benefits remeasurements (2,646) 2,547
(73) 103 131 - Equity instruments remeasurements 30 (287)
(6) 1 - - Share of other comprehensive income/(loss) of joint ventures and associates (5) 1
(1,251) (1,370) 1,396Total (2,621) 2,261
(839) (1,658) (2,175) Other comprehensive income/(loss) for the period (2,496) (997)
2,323 4,500 4,013 Comprehensive income/(loss) for the period 6,823 11,222
180 177 83 Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interest 358 176
2,143 4,322 3,930 Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders 6,465 11,046
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
$ million
June 30, 20191 December 31, 2018
Assets
Non-current assets
Intangible assets 23,471 23,586
Property, plant and equipment 239,066 223,175
Joint ventures and associates 25,536 25,329
Investments in securities 2,983 3,074
Deferred tax 11,977 12,097
Retirement benefits 3,963 6,051
Trade and other receivables 8,036 7,826
Derivative financial instruments2 762 574
315,794 301,712
Current assets
Inventories 24,465 21,117
Trade and other receivables 43,139 42,431
Derivative financial instruments2 7,022 7,193
Cash and cash equivalents 18,470 26,741
93,096 97,482
Total assets 408,891 399,194
Liabilities
Non-current liabilities
Debt 76,029 66,690
Trade and other payables 2,188 2,735
Derivative financial instruments2 970 1,399
Deferred tax 14,368 14,837
Retirement benefits 13,419 11,653
Decommissioning and other provisions 21,345 21,533
128,319 118,847
Current liabilities
Debt 16,617 10,134
Trade and other payables 49,347 48,888
Derivative financial instruments2 5,761 7,184
Taxes payable 8,720 7,497
Retirement benefits 417 451
Decommissioning and other provisions 3,455 3,659
84,317 77,813
Total liabilities 212,636 196,660
Equity attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders 192,278 198,646
Non-controlling interest 3,977 3,888
Total equity 196,254 202,534
Total liabilities and equity 408,891 399,194
1. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.
2. See Note 6 “Derivative financial instruments and debt excluding finance lease liabilities”.

   



 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
Equity attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders
$ million Share capital1 Shares
held in
trust
Other reserves2 Retained earnings Total Non-
controlling
interest
Total
equity
At January 1, 2019 (as previously published) 685 (1,260) 16,615 182,606 198,646 3,888 202,534
Impact of IFRS 163 - - - 4 4 - 4
At January 1, 2019 (as revised) 685 (1,260) 16,615 182,610 198,650 3,888 202,538
Comprehensive income/(loss)
for the period
- - (2,534) 8,999 6,465 358 6,823
Transfer from other comprehensive income - - (102) 102 - - -
Dividends - - - (7,699) (7,699) (270) (7,969)
Repurchases of shares (12) - 12 (5,021) (5,021) - (5,021)
Share-based compensation - 842 (276) (683) (118) - (118)
Other changes in
non-controlling interest
- - - 1 1 1 2
At June 30, 2019 674 (419) 13,715 178,308 192,278 3,977 196,254
At January 1, 2018 696 (917) 16,794 177,733 194,306 3,456 197,762
Comprehensive income/(loss)
for the period
- - (877) 11,923 11,046 176 11,222
Transfer from other comprehensive income - - (1,134) 1,134 - - -
Dividends - - - (7,857) (7,857) (354) (8,211)
Repurchases of shares - - - - - - -
Share-based compensation - (284) (107) 169 (222) - (222)
Other changes in
non-controlling interest
- - - 46 46 643 689
At June 30, 2018 696 (1,201) 14,676 183,148 197,319 3,921 201,240
1. See Note 4 “Share capital”.
2. See Note 5 “Other reserves”.
3. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.


 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 20191 Q1 20191 Q2 2018 20191 2018
4,917 9,406 9,610 Income before taxation for the period2 14,323 17,977
Adjustment for:
1,030 896 734 - Interest expense (net) 1,926 1,471
6,699 5,950 5,359 - Depreciation, depletion and amortisation 12,649 10,693
202 119 46 - Exploration well write-offs 321 155
(379) (65) (1,568) - Net (gains)/losses on sale and revaluation of non-current assets and businesses (444) (2,175)
(632) (1,484) (716) - Share of (profit)/loss of joint ventures and associates (2,116) (1,755)
1,217 744 1,244 - Dividends received from joint ventures and associates 1,961 1,994
(61) (2,841) (3,459) - (Increase)/decrease in inventories (2,902) (3,178)
308 (1,425) (3,061) - (Increase)/decrease in current receivables (1,117) (3,744)
321 783 4,374 - Increase/(decrease) in current payables 1,104 3,890
(480) (1,109) (624) - Derivative financial instruments (1,589) (1,387)
30 22 131 - Retirement benefits2 52 325
8 (302) (145) - Decommissioning and other provisions2 (294) (539)
(39) 26 190 - Other2 (13) 184
(2,110) (2,089) (2,615) Tax paid (4,199) (4,939)
11,031 8,630 9,500 Cash flow from operating activities 19,661 18,972
(5,150) (5,121) (5,275) Capital expenditure (10,272) (10,064)
(160) (441) (179) Investments in joint ventures and associates (601) (594)
(26) (39) (64) Investments in equity securities2 (65) (88)
644 178 1,422 Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment and businesses 822 2,169
102 544 163 Proceeds from sale of joint ventures and associates 646 184
17 271 4,167 Proceeds from sale of equity securities2 288 4,220
220 237 210 Interest received 457 366
592 680 241 Other investing cash inflows2 1,272 711
(404) (931) (656) Other investing cash outflows2 (1,335) (1,169)
(4,166) (4,622) 29 Cash flow from investing activities (8,788) (4,265)
145 (91) (2,968) Net increase/(decrease) in debt with maturity period
within three months
55 (261)
Other debt:
180 140 123 - New borrowings 320 364
(2,848) (1,533) (3,582) - Repayments (4,381) (4,972)
(1,214) (1,115) (895) Interest paid (2,329) (1,784)
45 (45) - Derivative financial instruments2 - -
- (2) - Change in non-controlling interest (2) 674
Cash dividends paid to:
(3,825) (3,875) (3,886) - Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders (7,700) (7,857)
(203) (68) (228) - Non-controlling interest (271) (352)
(2,142) (2,255) - Repurchases of shares (4,396) -
(7) (456) (192) Shares held in trust: net sales/(purchases) and dividends received (463) (1,086)
(9,868) (9,300) (11,628) Cash flow from financing activities (19,168) (15,274)
4 21 (360) Currency translation differences relating to cash and
cash equivalents
24 (277)
(3,000) (5,271) (2,459) Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (8,271) (844)
21,470 26,741 21,927 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 26,741 20,312
18,470 21,470 19,468 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 18,470 19,468

1. See Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”.

2. See Note 7 “Change in presentation of Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows”.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Basis of preparation

These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements (“Interim Statements”) of Royal Dutch Shell plc (“the Company”) and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as “Shell”) have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and as adopted by the European Union, and on the basis of the same accounting principles as those used in the Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2018 (pages 167 to 214) as filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission, except for the adoption of IFRS 16 Leases on January 1, 2019, and should be read in conjunction with that filing.

The Directors consider it appropriate to continue to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing these Interim Statements.

Under IFRS 16, all lease contracts, with limited exceptions, are recognised in financial statements by way of right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities. Shell applied the modified retrospective transition method without restating comparative information. Further information in respect of the implementation of IFRS 16 is included in Note 8.

In March 2019, the IFRS Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) finalised its decision regarding “Liabilities in relation to a Joint Operator’s Interest in a Joint Operation (IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements)”, concluding that a joint operator should recognise the liabilities for which it has primary responsibility, which may be different from its share in the joint operation. A review of the impact of this decision was conducted in the second quarter 2019, leading to the recognition of an additional $1.4 billion of lease liabilities, mainly classified under non-current debt, and a corresponding sublease receivable, as at June 30, 2019.

In March 2019, IFRIC made its agenda decision regarding “Physical settlement of contracts to buy or sell a non-financial item (IFRS 9)”. The impact of this decision is under review.

The financial information presented in the unaudited Interim Statements does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of section 434(3) of the Companies Act 2006 (“the Act”). Statutory accounts for the year ended December 31, 2018 were published in Shell’s Annual Report and Form 20-F and a copy was delivered to the Registrar of Companies for England and Wales. The auditor’s report on those accounts was unqualified, did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report and did not contain a statement under sections 498(2) or 498(3) of the Act.

2. Segment information

Segment earnings are presented on a current cost of supplies basis (CCS earnings), which is the earnings measure used by the Chief Executive Officer for the purposes of making decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance. On this basis, the purchase price of volumes sold during the period is based on the current cost of supplies during the same period after making allowance for the tax effect. CCS earnings therefore exclude the effect of changes in the oil price on inventory carrying amounts. Sales between segments are based on prices generally equivalent to commercially available prices.

With the adoption of IFRS 16, the interest expense on leases formerly classified as operating leases is reported under the Corporate segment, while depreciation related to the respective right-of-use assets is reported in the segments making use of the assets. This treatment is consistent with the existing treatment for leases formerly classified as finance leases.

INFORMATION BY SEGMENT
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2018
Third-party revenue
8,942 11,639 10,293 Integrated Gas 20,582 21,014
2,457 2,433 2,346 Upstream 4,890 4,918
79,131 69,652 84,119 Downstream 148,783 160,045
13 11 7 Corporate 24 23
90,544 83,735 96,765 Total third-party revenue1 174,278 186,000
Inter-segment revenue
1,005 984 1,271 Integrated Gas 1,989 2,359
8,996 9,699 9,494 Upstream 18,696 18,398
1,316 1,195 1,927 Downstream 2,511 2,721
- - - Corporate - -
CCS earnings
1,340 2,795 3,358 Integrated Gas 4,134 5,749
1,554 1,706 1,094 Upstream 3,260 2,948
1,072 1,595 1,168 Downstream 2,666 2,974
(789) (671) (273) Corporate (1,460) (500)
3,177 5,424 5,347 Total 8,601 11,171
1. Includes revenue from sources other than from contracts with customers, which mainly comprises the impact of fair value accounting of commodity derivatives. Second quarter 2019 included income of $969 million (Q1 2019: $737 million income; half year 2019: $1,706 million income).

 
RECONCILIATION OF INCOME FOR THE PERIOD TO CCS EARNINGS
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2018
2,998 6,001 6,024 Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders 8,999 11,923
164 156 164 Income/(loss) attributable to non-controlling interest 320 296
3,162 6,157 6,188 Income/(loss) for the period 9,319 12,219
Current cost of supplies adjustment:
30 (985) (1,105) Purchases (955) (1,379)
1 236 273 Taxation 237 340
(16) 16 (9) Share of profit/(loss) of joint ventures and associates - (9)
15 (733) (841) Current cost of supplies adjustment1 (719) (1,048)
3,177 5,424 5,347 CCS earnings 8,601 11,171
of which:
3,025 5,293 5,226 CCS earnings attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders 8,318 10,929
152 131 121 CCS earnings attributable to non-controlling interest 282 242
1. The adjustment attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders is a positive $27 million in the second quarter 2019 (Q1 2019: negative $708 million; Q2 2018: negative $798 million; half year 2019: negative $681 million; half year 2018: negative $994 million).

3. Earnings per share

EARNINGS PER SHARE
Quarters Half year
Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2018
2,998 6,001 6,024 Income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders
($ million)
8,999 11,923
Weighted average number of shares used as the basis for determining:
8,100.8 8,152.2 8,309.4 Basic earnings per share (million) 8,126.3 8,307.0
8,153.7 8,210.7 8,376.0 Diluted earnings per share (million) 8,182.1 8,376.6

4. Share capital

ISSUED AND FULLY PAID ORDINARY SHARES OF €0.07 EACH1
Number of shares Nominal value ($ million)
A B A B Total
At January 1, 2019 4,471,889,296 3,745,486,731 376 309 685
Repurchases of shares (139,414,447) - (12) - (12)
At June 30, 2019 4,332,474,849 3,745,486,731 365 309 674
At January 1, 2018 4,597,136,050 3,745,486,731 387 309 696
Repurchases of shares - - - - -
At June 30, 2018 4,597,136,050 3,745,486,731 387 309 696
1. Share capital at June 30, 2019 also included 50,000 issued and fully paid sterling deferred shares of £1 each.

At Royal Dutch Shell plc’s Annual General Meeting on May 21, 2019, the Board was authorised to allot ordinary shares in Royal Dutch Shell plc, and to grant rights to subscribe for, or to convert, any security into ordinary shares in Royal Dutch Shell plc, up to an aggregate nominal amount of €190 million (representing 2,720 million ordinary shares of €0.07 each), and to list such shares or rights on any stock exchange. This authority expires at the earlier of the close of business on August 21, 2020, and the end of the Annual General Meeting to be held in 2020, unless previously renewed, revoked or varied by Royal Dutch Shell plc in a general meeting.

5. Other reserves

OTHER RESERVES
$ million Merger
reserve
Share premium reserve Capital redemption reserve Share plan reserve Accumulated other comprehensive income Total
At January 1, 2019 37,298 154 95 1,098 (22,030) 16,615
Other comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders - - - - (2,534) (2,534)
Transfer from other comprehensive income - - - - (102) (102)
Repurchases of shares - - 12 - - 12
Share-based compensation - - - (276) - (276)
At June 30, 2019 37,296 154 107 821 (24,664) 13,715
At January 1, 2018 37,298 154 84 1,440 (22,182) 16,794
Other comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders - - - - (877) (877)
Transfer from other comprehensive income -     -     -     -     (1,134) (1,134)
Repurchases of shares - - - - - -
Share-based compensation - - - (107) - (107)
At June 30, 2018 37,298 154 84 1,333 (24,193) 14,676

The merger reserve and share premium reserve were established as a consequence of Royal Dutch Shell plc becoming the single parent company of Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and The “Shell” Transport and Trading Company, p.l.c., now The Shell Transport and Trading Company Limited, in 2005. The merger reserve increased in 2016 following the issuance of shares for the acquisition of BG Group plc. The capital redemption reserve was established in connection with repurchases of shares of Royal Dutch Shell plc. The share plan reserve is in respect of equity-settled share-based compensation plans.

6. Derivative financial instruments and debt excluding lease liabilities

As disclosed in the Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, presented in the Annual Report and Form 20-F for that year, Shell is exposed to the risks of changes in fair value of its financial assets and liabilities. The fair values of the financial assets and liabilities are defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair values at June 30, 2019 are consistent with those used in the year ended December 31, 2018, though the carrying amounts of derivative financial instruments measured using predominantly unobservable inputs have changed since that date.

The table below provides the comparison of the fair value with the carrying amount of debt excluding lease liabilities, disclosed in accordance with IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures.

DEBT EXCLUDING LEASE LIABILITIES
$ million June 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
Carrying amount 61,888 62,798
Fair value1 66,483 64,708
1. Mainly determined from the prices quoted for these securities.

7. Change in presentation of Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

With effect from January 1, 2019, the starting point for the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows is ‘Income before taxation’ (previously: Income). Furthermore, to improve transparency, “Retirement benefits” and “Decommissioning and other provisions” have been separately disclosed. The “Other” component of cash flow from investing activities has been expanded to distinguish between cash inflows and outflows. Prior period comparatives for these line items have been revised to conform with current year presentation. In addition, a new line item, “Derivative financial instruments”, has been introduced to cash flow from financing activities. Overall, the revisions do not have an impact on cash flow from operating activities, cash flow from investing activities or cash flow from financing activities, as previously published.

8. Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases

IFRS 16 was adopted with effect from January 1, 2019. Under the new standard, all lease contracts, with limited exceptions, are recognised in the financial statements by way of right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities. Shell applied the modified retrospective transition method, and consequently comparative information is not restated. As a practical expedient, no reassessment was performed of contracts that were previously identified as leases and contracts that were not previously identified as containing a lease applying IAS 17 Leases and IFRIC 4 Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease. At January 1, 2019, additional lease liabilities were recognised for leases previously classified as operating leases applying IAS 17. These lease liabilities were measured at the present value of the remaining lease payments, discounted using entity-specific incremental borrowing rates at January 1, 2019. In general, a corresponding right-of-use asset was recognised for an amount equal to each lease liability, adjusted by the amount of any prepaid or accrued lease payment relating to the specific lease contract, as recognised on the balance sheet at December 31, 2018. Provisions for onerous lease contracts at December 31, 2018 were adjusted to the respective right-of-use assets recognised at January 1, 2019.

The reconciliation of differences between the operating lease commitments disclosed under the prior standard and the additional lease liabilities recognised on the balance sheet at January 1, 2019 is as follows:

LEASE LIABILITIES RECONCILIATION
$ million
Undiscounted future minimum lease payments under operating leases at December 31, 2018 24,219
Impact of discounting1 (5,167)
Leases not yet commenced at January 1, 2019 (2,586)
Short-term leases2 (277)
Long-term leases expiring before December 31, 20192 (192)
Other reconciling items (net) 40
Additional lease liability at January 1, 2019 16,037
Finance lease liability at December 31, 2018 14,026
Total lease liability at January 1, 2019 30,063

1. Under the modified retrospective transition method, lease payments were discounted at January 1, 2019 using an incremental borrowing rate representing the rate of interest that the entity within Shell that entered into the lease would have to pay to borrow over a similar term, and with a similar security, the funds necessary to obtain an asset of a similar value to the right-of-use asset in a similar economic environment. The incremental borrowing rate applied to each lease was determined taking into account the risk-free rate, adjusted for factors such as the credit rating of the contracting entity and the terms and conditions of the lease. The weighted average incremental borrowing rate applied by Shell upon transition was 7.2%.

2. Shell has applied the practical expedient to classify leases for which the lease term ends within 12 months of the date of initial application of IFRS 16 as short-term leases. Shell has also applied the recognition exemption for short-term leases.

Compared with the previous accounting for operating leases under IAS 17, the application of the new standard has a significant impact on the classification of expenditures and cash flows. It also impacts the timing of expenses recognised in the statement of income.

With effect from 2019, expenses related to leases previously classified as operating leases are presented under Depreciation, depletion and amortisation and Interest expense (in 2018 these were mainly reported in Purchases, Production and manufacturing expenses, and Selling, distribution and administrative expenses).

With effect from 2019, payments related to leases previously classified as operating leases are presented under Cash flow from financing activities (in 2018 these were reported in Cash flow from operating activities and Cash flow from investing activities).

The adoption of the new standard had an accumulated impact of $4 million in equity following the recognition of lease liabilities of $16,037 million and additional right-of-use assets of $15,558 million and reclassifications mainly related to pre-paid leases and onerous contracts previously recognised. The detailed impact on the balance sheet at January 1, 2019, is as follows:



 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
$ million
December 31, 2018 IFRS 16 impact January 1, 2019
Assets
Non-current assets
Intangible assets 23,586 23,586
Property, plant and equipment 223,175 15,558 238,733
Joint ventures and associates 25,329 25,329
Investments in securities 3,074 3,074
Deferred tax 12,097 12,097
Retirement benefits 6,051 6,051
Trade and other receivables1 7,826 (814) 7,012
Derivative financial instruments4 574 574
301,712 14,744 316,456
Current assets
Inventories 21,117 21,117
Trade and other receivables 42,431 69 42,500
Derivative financial instruments4 7,193 7,193
Cash and cash equivalents 26,741 26,741
97,482 69 97,551
Total assets 399,194 14,813 414,007
Liabilities
Non-current liabilities
Debt 66,690 13,125 79,815
Trade and other payables2 2,735 (540) 2,195
Derivative financial instruments4 1,399 1,399
Deferred tax 14,837 14,837
Retirement benefits 11,653 11,653
Decommissioning and other provisions3 21,533 (347) 21,186
118,847 12,238 131,085
Current liabilities
Debt 10,134 2,912 13,046
Trade and other payables 48,888 (23) 48,865
Derivative financial instruments4 7,184 7,184
Taxes payable 7,497 7,497
Retirement benefits 451 451
Decommissioning and other provisions3 3,659 (318) 3,341
77,813 2,571 80,384
Total liabilities 196,660 14,809 211,469
Equity attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders 198,646 4 198,650
Non-controlling interest 3,888 3,888
Total equity 202,534 4 202,538
Total liabilities and equity 399,194 14,813 414,007

1. Mainly in respect of pre-paid leases.

2. Mainly related to operating lease contracts that were measured at fair value under IFRS 3 Business Combinations following the acquisition of BG in 2016.

3. Mainly in respect of onerous contracts.

4. See Note 6 “Derivative financial instruments and debt excluding lease liabilities”.

ALTERNATIVE PERFORMANCE (NON-GAAP) MEASURES

Impact of IFRS 16 Leases

IFRS 16 Leases primarily impacts the following key measures of Shell’s financial performance: Segment earnings; Cash flow from operating activities; Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements; Free cash flow; Capital investment and Cash capital expenditure; Operating expenses; Gearing; and Return on average capital employed.

As explained in Note 8 “Adoption of IFRS 16 Leases”, in accordance with Shell’s use of the modified retrospective transition method, comparative information for prior years is not restated, and continues to be presented as reported under IAS 17.

Additional information is provided in this section of the report to provide indicative impacts of Shell’s transition from IAS 17 to IFRS 16. In addition to the IFRS 16 reported basis, impacted Alternative Performance Measures are presented on an IAS 17 basis, to enable like-for-like comparisons between 2019 and 2018. For 2019, information on an IAS17 basis represents estimates for the purpose of transition.

A. Identified items

Identified items comprise: divestment gains and losses, impairments, fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts, redundancy and restructuring, the impact of exchange rate movements on certain deferred tax balances, and other items. These items, either individually or collectively, can cause volatility to net income, in some cases driven by external factors, which may hinder the comparative understanding of Shell’s financial results from period to period. The impact of identified items on Shell’s CCS earnings is shown as follows:

IDENTIFIED ITEMS
Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2018
Identified items before tax
379 65 1,568 - Divestment gains/(losses) 444 2,193
(672) (33) (418) - Impairments (706) (835)
12 (72) (218) - Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts (61) (255)
(27) (53) (166) - Redundancy and restructuring (80) (103)
(437) - 7 - Other (437) 60
(746) (93) 773 Total identified items before tax (839) 1,060
Tax impact
(123) (19) (156) - Divestment gains/(losses) (143) (166)
226 (12) 13 - Impairments 215 29
(10) 104 104 - Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts 94 120
14 20 63 - Redundancy and restructuring 35 47
16 (8) (260) - Impact of exchange rate movements on tax balances 8 (305)
208 - (2) - Other 208 52
331 86 (238) Total tax impact 416 (223)
Identified items after tax
256 46 1,412 - Divestment gains/(losses) 302 2,027
(446) (45) (405) - Impairments (491) (806)
1 32 (114) - Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts 33 (135)
(13) (33) (103) - Redundancy and restructuring (46) (56)
16 (8) (260) - Impact of exchange rate movements on tax balances 8 (305)
(229) - 5 - Other (229) 112
(415) (8) 535 Impact on CCS earnings (423) 837
Of which:
(386) 226 1,053 Integrated Gas (160) 1,005
219 (19) (363) Upstream 200 (60)
(266) (227) (492) Downstream (493) (452)
18 13 337 Corporate 31 344
22 - - Impact on CCS earnings attributable to non-controlling interest 22 -
(437) (8) 535 Impact on CCS earnings attributable to shareholders (445) 837

The reconciliation from income attributable to RDS plc shareholders to CCS earnings attributable to RDS plc shareholders excluding identified items is shown on page 1.

The categories above represent the nature of the items identified irrespective of whether the items relate to Shell subsidiaries or joint ventures and associates. The after-tax impact of identified items of joint ventures and associates is fully reported within “Share of profit of joint ventures and associates” in the Consolidated Statement of Income, and fully reported as “identified items before tax” in the table above. Identified items related to subsidiaries are consolidated and reported across appropriate lines of the Consolidated Statement of Income. Only pre-tax identified items reported by subsidiaries are taken into account in the calculation of “underlying operating expenses” (Reference G).

Fair value accounting of commodity derivatives and certain gas contracts: In the ordinary course of business, Shell enters into contracts to supply or purchase oil and gas products, as well as power and environmental products. Shell also enters into contracts for tolling, pipeline and storage capacity. Derivative contracts are entered into for mitigation of resulting economic exposures (generally price exposure) and these derivative contracts are carried at period-end market price (fair value), with movements in fair value recognised in income for the period. Supply and purchase contracts entered into for operational purposes, as well as contracts for tolling, pipeline and storage capacity, are, by contrast, recognised when the transaction occurs; furthermore, inventory is carried at historical cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. As a consequence, accounting mismatches occur because: (a) the supply or purchase transaction is recognised in a different period, or (b) the inventory is measured on a different basis. In addition, certain contracts are, due to pricing or delivery conditions, deemed to contain embedded derivatives or written options and are also required to be carried at fair value even though they are entered into for operational purposes. The accounting impacts are reported as identified items.

Impacts of exchange rate movements on tax balances represent the impact on tax balances of exchange rate movements arising on (a) the conversion to dollars of the local currency tax base of non-monetary assets and liabilities, as well as losses (this primarily impacts the Integrated Gas and Upstream segments) and (b) the conversion of dollar-denominated inter-segment loans to local currency, leading to taxable exchange rate gains or losses (this primarily impacts the Corporate segment).

Other identified items represent other credits or charges Shell’s management assesses should be excluded to provide additional insight, such as the impact arising from changes in tax legislation and certain provisions for onerous contracts or litigation.

B. Basic CCS earnings per share

Basic CCS earnings per share is calculated as CCS earnings attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders (see Note 2), divided by the weighted average number of shares used as the basis for basic earnings per share (see Note 3).

C. Cash capital expenditure and Capital investment

Capital investment is a measure used to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance. It comprises Capital expenditure, Investments in joint ventures and associates and Investments in equity securities, exploration expense excluding well write-offs, leases recognised in the period and other adjustments.

The definition reflects two changes with effect from January 1, 2019, for simplicity reasons. Firstly, “Investments in equity securities” now includes investments under the Corporate segment and is aligned with the line introduced in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows from January 1, 2019. Secondly, the adjustments previously made to bring the Capital investment measure onto an accruals basis no longer apply. Comparative information has been revised.

“Cash capital expenditure” was introduced with effect from January 1, 2019, to monitor investing activities on a cash basis, excluding items such as lease additions which do not necessarily result in cash outflows in the period. The measure comprises the following lines from the Consolidated Statement of Cash flows: Capital expenditure, Investments in joint ventures and associates and Investments in equity securities.

The reconciliation of “Capital expenditure” to “Cash capital expenditure” and “Capital investment” is as follows. Information for 2019 is also presented on an “IAS 17 basis” to enable like-for-like performance comparisons with 2018.

Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2019 2018
As Reported IAS 17 basis As revised As revised As Reported IAS 17 basis As revised
5,150 5,293 5,121 5,275 Capital expenditure 10,272 10,533 10,064
160 160 441 179 Investments in joint ventures and associates 601 601 594
26 26 39 64 Investments in equity securities 65 65 88
5,337 5,480 5,601     5,518     Cash capital expenditure 10,938 11,200 10,746
Of which:
738 738 1,344 745 Integrated Gas 2,081 2,081 1,870
2,342 2,483 2,501 2,877 Upstream 4,843 5,102 5,623
2,176 2,179 1,671 1,856 Downstream 3,848 3,850 3,173
81 81 86 40 Corporate 166 166 80
237 237 187 195 Exploration expense, excluding exploration wells written off 425 424 317
773 13 959 37 Leases recognised in the period 1,732 142 219
(7) (7) (62) - Other adjustments (69) (69) -
6,341 5,722 6,685 5,750 Capital investment 13,026 11,696 11,282
Of which:
836 774 1,964 781 Integrated Gas 2,800 2,263 2,044
2,700 2,664 2,737 3,020 Upstream 5,437 5,390 5,881
2,731 2,203 1,870 1,908 Downstream 4,602 3,877 3,277
73 81 114 40 Corporate 187 166 81

D. Divestments

Following completion of the $30 billion divestment programme for 2016-18, the Divestments measure was discontinued with effect from January 1, 2019.

E. Return on average capital employed

Return on average capital employed (ROACE) measures the efficiency of Shell’s utilisation of the capital that it employs. Shell uses two ROACE measures: ROACE on a Net income basis and ROACE on a CCS basis excluding identified items.

Both measures refer to Capital employed which consists of total equity, current debt and non-current debt. Information for 2019 is also presented on an “IAS 17 basis” to enable like-for-like performance comparisons with 2018.

ROACE on a Net income basis

In this calculation, the sum of income for the current and previous three quarters, adjusted for after-tax interest expense, is expressed as a percentage of the average capital employed for the same period. The after-tax interest expense is calculated using the effective tax rate for the same period.


 
$ million Quarters
Q2 2019  Q2 2019  Q1 2019 Q2 2018
As reported IAS 17 basis As reported As reported
Income - current and previous three quarters 21,006 21,117 24,033 20,368
Interest expense after tax - current and previous three quarters 2,819 2,506 2,601 2,604
Income before interest expense - current and previous three quarters 23,825 23,623 26,634 22,972
Capital employed – opening 281,711 281,711 289,335 286,604
Capital employed – closing 288,900 272,792 292,797 281,711
Capital employed – average 285,306 277,252 291,066 284,158
ROACE on a Net income basis 8.4% 8.5% 9.2% 8.1%

ROACE on a CCS basis excluding identified items

In this calculation, the sum of CCS earnings excluding identified items for the current and previous three quarters, adjusted for after-tax interest expense, is expressed as a percentage of the average capital employed for the same period. The after-tax interest expense is calculated using the effective tax rate for the same period.

This definition reflects two changes with effect from January 1, 2019. Firstly, the calculation considers “CCS earnings excluding identified items” instead of “CCS earnings attributable to Royal Dutch Shell plc shareholders excluding identified items” used under the previous definition. This change ensures consistency with the basis for average capital employed. Secondly, the calculation adds back the after-tax interest expense. This change is made for consistency with peers. Comparative information has been revised.


 
$ million Quarters
Q2 2019  Q2 2019  Q1 2019 Q2 2018
As reported IAS 17 basis As revised As revised
CCS earnings - current and previous three quarters 21,794 21,905 23,964 18,150
Identified items - current and previous three quarters 1,169 1,169 2,119 (789)
Interest expense after tax - current and previous three quarters 2,819 2,506 2,601 2,604
CCS earnings excluding identified items before interest expense - current and previous three quarters 23,444 23,243 24,446 21,543
Capital employed – average 285,306 277,252 291,066 284,158
ROACE on a CCS basis excluding identified items 8.2% 8.4% 8.4% 7.6%

F. Gearing

Gearing is a key measure of Shell’s capital structure and is defined as net debt as a percentage of total capital. Net debt is defined as the sum of current and non-current debt, less cash and cash equivalents, adjusted for the fair value of derivative financial instruments used to hedge foreign exchange and interest rate risks relating to debt, and associated collateral balances. Management considers this adjustment useful because it reduces the volatility of net debt caused by fluctuations in foreign exchange and interest rates, and eliminates the potential impact of related collateral payments or receipts. Debt-related derivative financial instruments are a subset of the derivative financial instrument assets and liabilities presented on the balance sheet. Collateral balances are reported under “Trade and other receivables” or “Trade and other payables” as appropriate.

Information for 2019 is also presented on an “IAS 17 basis” to enable like-for-like performance comparisons with 2018.


 
$ million Quarters
Q2 2019  Q2 2019  Q1 2019 Q2 2018
As reported IAS 17 basis As reported As reported
Current debt 16,617 13,401 15,381 9,924
Non-current debt 76,029 63,140 77,160 70,547
Total debt1 92,646 76,542 92,541 80,471
Add: Debt-related derivative financial instruments: net liability/(asset) 634 634 1,158 1,208
Add: Collateral on debt-related derivatives: net liability/(asset) 78 78 27 -
Less: Cash and cash equivalents (18,470) (18,470) (21,470) (19,468)
Net debt 74,887 58,784 72,256 62,211
Add: Total equity 196,254 196,251 200,256 201,240
Total capital 271,142 255,034 272,512 263,451
Gearing 27.6% 23.0% 26.5% 23.6%

1. Includes lease liabilities of $30,758 million at June 30, 2019 and of $29,697 million at March 31, 2019, and finance lease liabilities of $14,464 million at June 30, 2018.

G. Operating expenses

Operating expenses is a measure of Shell’s cost management performance, comprising the following items from the Consolidated Statement of Income: production and manufacturing expenses; selling, distribution and administrative expenses; and research and development expenses. Underlying operating expenses measures Shell’s total operating expenses performance excluding identified items.

Information for 2019 is also presented on an “IAS 17 basis” to enable like-for-like performance comparisons with 2018.

Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2019 2018
As reported IAS 17 basis As reported As reported As reported IAS 17 basis As reported
6,835 6,354 6,988 Production and manufacturing expenses 13,189 13,911
2,881 2,352 2,781 Selling, distribution and administrative expenses 5,233 5,369
225 212 237 Research and development 437 445
9,941 10,369 8,917 10,006 Operating expenses 18,859 19,708 19,725
Of which identified items:
(27) (27) (52) (162) (Redundancy and restructuring charges)/reversal (79) (79) (95)
(306) (306) - - (Provisions)/reversal (306) (306) -
(131) (131) - - Other (131) (131) -
(464) (464) (52) (162) (516) (516) (95)
9,477 9,905 8,865 9,844 Underlying operating expenses 18,343 19,192 19,630

H. Free cash flow

Free cash flow is used to evaluate cash available for financing activities, including dividend payments and debt servicing, after investment in maintaining and growing our business. It is defined as the sum of “Cash flow from operating activities” and “Cash flow from investing activities”.

Information for 2019 is also presented on an “IAS 17 basis” to enable like-for-like performance comparisons with 2018.

Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2019 2018
As reported IAS 17 basis As reported As reported As reported IAS 17 basis As reported
11,031 10,121 8,630 9,500 Cash flow from operating activities 19,661 17,802 18,972
(4,166) (4,309) (4,622) 29 Cash flow from investing activities (8,788) (9,050) (4,265)
6,865 5,812 4,008 9,529 Free cash flow 10,873 8,753 14,707

I. Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements

Working capital movements are defined as the sum of the following items in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows: (i) (increase)/decrease in inventories, (ii) (increase)/decrease in current receivables, and (iii) increase/(decrease) in current payables.

Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements is a measure used by Shell to analyse its operating cash generation over time excluding the timing effects of changes in inventories and operating receivables and payables from period to period.

Information for 2019 is also presented on an “IAS 17 basis” to enable like-for-like performance comparisons with 2018.

Quarters $ million Half year
Q2 2019 Q2 2019 Q1 2019 Q2 2018 2019 2019 2018
As reported IAS 17 basis As reported As reported As reported IAS 17 basis As reported
11,031  10,121 8,630 9,500 Cash flow from operating activities 19,661 17,802 18,972
Of which:
3,403 3,123 4,227 2,950 Integrated Gas 7,630 7,076 5,511
5,616 5,404 5,280 5,528 Upstream 10,895 10,495 9,129
2,398 1,941 (611) 990 Downstream 1,787 883 4,097
(385) (348) (266) 32 Corporate (652) (652) 235
(61) (61) (2,841) (3,459) - (Increase)/decrease in inventories (2,902) (2,902) (3,178)
308 308 (1,425) (3,061) - (Increase)/decrease in current receivables (1,117) (1,117) (3,744)
321 458 783 4,374 - Increase/(decrease) in current payables 1,104 1,104 3,890
569 706 (3,483) (2,146) (Increase)/decrease in working capital (2,914) (2,914) (3,032)
10,462 9,415 12,113 11,646 Cash flow from operating activities excluding working capital movements 22,575 20,716 22,004
Of which:
2,824 2,501 3,715 2,998 Integrated Gas 6,540 5,986 5,943
5,378 5,166 5,390 5,043 Upstream 10,768 10,368 9,474
2,462 1,952 2,991 3,481 Downstream 5,453 4,549 6,617
(202) (203) 17 124 Corporate (185) (186) (30)

PRINCIPAL RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

The principal risks and uncertainties affecting Shell are described in the Risk Factors section of the Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2018 (pages 15 to 20) and are summarised below. There are no material changes in those Risk Factors for the remaining 6 months of the financial year.

  • We are exposed to fluctuating prices of crude oil, natural gas, oil products and chemicals.
  • Our ability to deliver competitive returns and pursue commercial opportunities depends in part on the accuracy of our price assumptions.
  • Our ability to achieve strategic objectives depends on how we react to competitive forces.
  • We seek to execute divestments in the pursuit of our strategy. We may not be able to successfully divest these assets in line with our strategy.
  • Our future hydrocarbon production depends on the delivery of large and integrated projects, as well as on our ability to replace proved oil and gas reserves.
  • The estimation of proved oil and gas reserves involves subjective judgements based on available information and the application of complex rules; therefore, subsequent downward adjustments are possible.
  • Rising climate change concerns have led and could lead to additional legal and/or regulatory measures which could result in project delays or cancellations, a decrease in demand for fossil fuels, potential litigation and additional compliance obligations.
  • Our operations expose us to social instability, criminality, civil unrest, terrorism, piracy, cyber-disruption, acts of war and risks of pandemic diseases that could have a material adverse effect on our business.
  • We operate in more than 70 countries that have differing degrees of political, legal and fiscal stability. This exposes us to a wide range of political developments that could result in changes to contractual terms, laws and regulations. In addition, we and our joint arrangements and associates face the risk of litigation and disputes worldwide.
  • The nature of our operations exposes us, and the communities in which we work, to a wide range of health, safety, security and environment risks.
  • A further erosion of the business and operating environment in Nigeria could have a material adverse effect on us.
  • Production from the Groningen field in the Netherlands causes earthquakes that affect local communities.
  • Our future performance depends on the successful development and deployment of new technologies and new products.
  • We are exposed to treasury and trading risks, including liquidity risk, interest rate risk, foreign exchange risk, commodity price risk and credit risk. We are affected by the global macroeconomic environment as well as financial and commodity market conditions.
  • We have substantial pension commitments, funding of which is subject to capital market risks.
  • We mainly self-insure our risk exposure. We could incur significant losses from different types of risks that are not covered by insurance from third-party insurers.
  • An erosion of our business reputation could have a material adverse effect on our brand, our ability to secure new resources or access capital markets, and on our licence to operate.
  • Many of our major projects and operations are conducted in joint arrangements or associates. This could reduce our degree of control, as well as our ability to identify and manage risks.
  • We rely heavily on information technology systems for our operations.
  • Violations of antitrust and competition laws carry fines and expose us and/or our employees to criminal sanctions and civil suits.
  • Violations of anti-bribery, tax evasion and anti-money laundering laws carry fines and expose us and/or our employees to criminal sanctions, civil suits and ancillary consequences (such as debarment and the revocation of licences).
  • Violations of data protection laws carry fines and expose us and/or our employees to criminal sanctions and civil suits.
  • Violations of trade compliance laws and regulations, including sanctions, carry fines and expose us and our employees to criminal sanctions and civil suits.
  • The Company’s Articles of Association determine the jurisdiction for shareholder disputes. This could limit shareholder remedies.

FIRST QUARTER 2019 PORTFOLIO DEVELOPMENTS

Integrated Gas

During the quarter, Shell acquired sonnen, a provider of smart energy storage systems and innovative energy services for households.

Upstream

During the quarter, Shell and its partners announced first production at the Lula North deep-water development in the Santos Basin (Shell post-unitisation interest 23%) through the P67 floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel. This is the seventh FPSO deployed at the Lula field and the third in a series of standardised vessels built for the consortium. It is designed to process up to 150 thousand boe/d.

In April, Shell announced the sale of its 22.5% non-operating interest in the Caesar Tonga asset in the US Gulf of Mexico to Delek CT Investment LLC for $965 million.

In April, Shell announced a discovery from the Blacktip deep-water well (Shell interest 52.4%), located in the US Gulf of Mexico. Evaluation is ongoing and appraisal planning is underway.

Downstream

In April, Shell announced the sale of its 50% interest in the SASREF joint venture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to Saudi Aramco for $631 million.

RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT

It is confirmed that to the best of our knowledge: (a) the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as adopted by the European Union; (b) the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rule (DTR) 4.2.7R (indication of important events during the first six months of the financial year, and their impact on the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements, and description of principal risks and uncertainties for the remaining six months of the financial year); and (c) the interim management report includes a fair review of the information required by DTR 4.2.8R (disclosure of related parties transactions and changes thereto).

The Directors of Royal Dutch Shell plc are shown on pages 82-88 in the Annual Report and Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2018 save for the following change: Neil Carson – appointed Director with effect from June 1, 2019.

On behalf of the Board

Ben van Beurden                           Jessica Uhl

Chief Executive Officer                Chief Financial Officer

August 1, 2019                              August 1, 2019

INDEPENDENT REVIEW REPORT TO ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC

Introduction

We have been engaged by Royal Dutch Shell plc to review the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended June 30, 2019, which comprise the Consolidated Statement of Income, the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity, the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows and Notes 1 to 8. We have read the other information contained in the half-yearly financial report and considered whether it contains any apparent misstatements or material inconsistencies with the information in the condensed set of financial statements.

This report is made solely to Royal Dutch Shell plc in accordance with guidance contained in the International Standard on Review Engagements 2410 (UK and Ireland) “Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity” issued by the Auditing Practices Board. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than Royal Dutch Shell plc, for our work, for this report, or for the conclusions we have formed.

Directors responsibilities

The half-yearly financial report is the responsibility of, and has been approved by, the Directors. The Directors are responsible for preparing the half-yearly financial report in accordance with the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority.

The annual Consolidated Financial Statements of Royal Dutch Shell plc and its subsidiaries are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and as adopted by the European Union (EU). The condensed set of financial statements included in the half-yearly financial report has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting, as issued by the IASB and as adopted by the EU.

Our responsibility

Our responsibility is to express to Royal Dutch Shell plc a conclusion on the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements in the half-yearly financial report based on our review.

Scope of review

We conducted our review in accordance with International Standard on Review Engagements 2410 (UK and Ireland), “Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity” issued by the Auditing Practices Board for use in the United Kingdom. A review of interim financial information consists of making enquiries, primarily of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters, and applying analytical and other review procedures. A review is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) and consequently does not enable us to obtain assurance that we would become aware of all significant matters that might be identified in an audit. Accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion.

Conclusion

Based on our review, nothing has come to our attention that causes us to believe that the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements in the half-yearly financial report for the six months ended June 30, 2019 are not prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with International Accounting Standard 34 as issued by the IASB and as adopted by the EU and the Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules of the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority.

Ernst & Young LLP

London

August 1, 2019

The maintenance and integrity of the Royal Dutch Shell plc website (www.shell.com) are the responsibility of the Directors; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and, accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the Condensed Consolidated Interim Financial Statements since they were initially presented on the website.

Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT

All amounts shown throughout this announcement are unaudited. All peak production figures in Portfolio Developments are quoted at 100% expected production. The numbers presented throughout this announcement may not sum precisely to the totals provided and percentages may not precisely reflect the absolute figures, due to rounding.

The companies in which Royal Dutch Shell plc directly and indirectly owns investments are separate legal entities. In this announcement “Shell”, “Shell group” and “Royal Dutch Shell” are sometimes used for convenience where references are made to Royal Dutch Shell plc and its subsidiaries in general. Likewise, the words “we”, “us” and “our” are also used to refer to Royal Dutch Shell plc and subsidiaries in general or to those who work for them. These terms are also used where no useful purpose is served by identifying the particular entity or entities. “Subsidiaries”, “Shell subsidiaries” and “Shell companies” as used in this announcement refer to entities over which Royal Dutch Shell plc either directly or indirectly has control. Entities and unincorporated arrangements over which Shell has joint control are generally referred to as “joint ventures” and “joint operations”, respectively.  Entities over which Shell has significant influence but neither control nor joint control are referred to as “associates”. The term “Shell interest” is used for convenience to indicate the direct and/or indirect ownership interest held by Shell in an entity or unincorporated joint arrangement, after exclusion of all third-party interest.

This announcement contains forward-looking statements (within the meaning of the US Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) concerning the financial condition, results of operations and businesses of Royal Dutch Shell. All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are statements of future expectations that are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, performance or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in these statements. Forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements concerning the potential exposure of Royal Dutch Shell to market risks and statements expressing management’s expectations, beliefs, estimates, forecasts, projections and assumptions. These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “aim”, “ambition”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “could”, “estimate”, “expect”, “goals”, “intend”, “may”, “objectives”, “outlook”, “plan”, “probably”, “project”, “risks”, “schedule”, “seek”, “should”, “target”, “will” and similar terms and phrases. There are a number of factors that could affect the future operations of Royal Dutch Shell and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements included in this announcement, including (without limitation):  (a) price fluctuations in crude oil and natural gas; (b) changes in demand for Shell’s products; (c) currency fluctuations; (d) drilling and production results; (e) reserves estimates; (f) loss of market share and industry competition; (g) environmental and physical risks; (h) risks associated with the identification of suitable potential acquisition properties and targets, and successful negotiation and completion of such transactions; (i) the risk of doing business in developing countries and countries subject to international sanctions; (j) legislative, fiscal and regulatory developments including regulatory measures addressing climate change; (k) economic and financial market conditions in various countries and regions; (l) political risks, including the risks of expropriation and renegotiation of the terms of contracts with governmental entities, delays or advancements in the approval of projects and delays in the reimbursement for shared costs; and (m) changes in trading conditions. No assurance is provided that future dividend payments will match or exceed previous dividend payments.  All forward-looking statements contained in this announcement are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Additional risk factors that may affect future results are contained in Royal Dutch Shell’s Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2018 (available at www.shell.com/investor and www.sec.gov). These risk factors also expressly qualify all forward-looking statements contained in this announcement and should be considered by the reader.  Each forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of this announcement, August 1, 2019. Neither Royal Dutch Shell plc nor any of its subsidiaries undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or other information. In light of these risks, results could differ materially from those stated, implied or inferred from the forward-looking statements contained in this announcement.

This Report contains references to Shell’s website. These references are for the readers’ convenience only. Shell is not incorporating by reference any information posted on www.shell.com.

We may have used certain terms, such as resources, in this announcement that the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) strictly prohibits us from including in our filings with the SEC. US investors are urged to consider closely the disclosure in our Form 20-F, File No 1-32575, available on the SEC website www.sec.gov.

This announcement contains inside information.

August 1, 2019

The information in this Report reflects the unaudited consolidated financial position and results of Royal Dutch Shell plc. Company No. 4366849, Registered Office: Shell Centre, London, SE1 7NA, England, UK.

Contacts:

- Linda Szymanski, Company Secretary

- Investor Relations: International + 31 (0) 70 377 4540; North America +1 832 337 2034

- Media: International +44 (0) 207 934 5550; USA +1 832 337 4355

LEI number of Royal Dutch Shell plc: 21380068P1DRHMJ8KU70

Classification: Half yearly financial reports and audit reports / limited reviews; Inside Information


Source: PR Newswire (August 1, 2019 - 2:00 AM EDT)

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